Extent of victimization, traumatic stress symptoms, and adjustment of terrorist assault survivors: A long-term follow-up



This paper examines the long-term impact of a terrorist attack on adolescents; this attack involved the seizure of over one hundred hostages, most of them adolescents, and the focus here is on the relationships between the extent of victimization and long-term outcomes. The study was based on in-depth interviews and a battery of questionnaires administered to the survivors 17 years after the event. The findings indicated that very intense victimization, particularly in terms of physical injury, had the strongest effect on long-term adjustment in comparison to moderate or minimal victimization in the same trauma.