Stress reactions in disaster victims following the Bijlmermeer plane crash

Authors

  • Ingrid V. E. Carlier,

    Corresponding author
    1. Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Tafelbergweg 25, 1105 BC Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    • Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Tafelbergweg 25, 1105 BC Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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  • Berthold P. R. Gersons

    1. Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, Tafelbergweg 25, 1105 BC Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Abstract

This article examined posttraumatic stress symptoms in a sample of disaster victims following the Bijlmermeer plane crash of October, 1992, in the Netherlands. Findings indicated that six months after the disaster 26% of the respondents were suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The victims' PTSD was strongly associated with material damage and loss. The discussion of the results focuses on the distinction between normal and pathological stress reactions and the implications for disaster after-care.

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