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A stakeholder perspective into wildlife policy in India

Authors

  • Shekhar K. Niraj,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Natural Resources, Biological Sciences East Building, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    • School of Natural Resources, Biological Sciences East Building, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.
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  • P. R. Krausman,

    1. School of Natural Resources, 325, Biological Sciences East Building, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
    Current affiliation:
    1. Boone and Crockett Program in Wildlife Conservation, 32 Campus Drive, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA.
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  • Vikram Dayal

    1. Institute of Economic Growth, University of Delhi Enclave, North Campus, Delhi 110007, India
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  • Associate Editor: David Fulton.

Abstract

We investigated perceptions of wildlife policy and issues through questionnaires (n = 148) administered to policy makers, conservation scientists, individuals representing non-government organizations (NGOs), and field officials, who implemented government policies and enforced laws. We found significant differences among attitudes of stakeholders identifying major threats to wildlife, the use of science, the role of poaching in conservation, and the composition of species illegally traded. Policy makers and field officials differed in their views with NGOs and scientists on community response to wildlife policies and the varying threat perceptions to different species due to poaching and illegal trade. We noted ambiguity among stakeholders about sustainable use principles in India. Policies must be more effective in conservation and the process of making policy must be broad-based and participatory if wildlife conservation is to advance on the subcontinent. © 2011 The Wildlife Society.

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