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Computational studies on the reactions of 3-butenyl and 3-butenylperoxy radicals

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Abstract

The reactions of 3-butenyl (CH2CH2CH[DOUBLE BOND]CH2) radicals—unimolecular decomposition, isomerization, as well as reaction with O2—and the subsequent unimolecular rearrangement reactions of the 3-butenylperoxy radicals have been investigated and are compared to the analogous reactions of butyl (CH2CH2CH2CH3) and butylperoxy radicals using transition-state theory based on the quantum chemical calculations at the CBS-QB3 level. For alkyl-analogue processes, the reactions of 3-butenyl and 3-butenylperoxy radicals can be well characterized by the decreased and increased bond dissociation energies at the allylic and vinylic sites, respectively. The intramolecular addition reactions of the radical center atoms to the double bonds were found to be important non-alkyl-analogue reactions of 3-butenyl and 3-butenylperoxy radicals. As a consequence, the thermal decomposition of 3-butenyl radicals was found to be slower than that of butyl radicals by one order of magnitude at temperature near 1000 K. Intramolecular addition reactions are suggested to be the predominant unimolecular rearrangement processes of 3-butenylperoxy radicals over the entire temperature range investigated (500–1200 K). The intramolecular addition reactions of the alkenyl peroxy radicals, which have not been included in combustion kinetic models, and their implications for the autoignition of alkenes are discussed. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Chem Kinet 42: 273–288, 2010

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