Reactions of aryl acetates with secondary alicyclic amines in ethanol/water mixtures: Effect of the solvent composition on the kinetics and mechanism



We report a kinetic study on the reactions of secondary alicyclic amines toward 4-nitrophenyl, 2,4-dinitrophenyl, and 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl acetates (1, 2, and 3) in ethanol/water mixtures of different compositions. It is found that (i) the intermediate in the reaction of 1 is stabilized in a mixture of 90 vol% ethanol; (ii) for the reaction of 2, the mechanism is stepwise in water but concerted in the mixtures; (iii) For the reaction of 3, the mechanism is concerted along the whole range of composition; (iv) the effect of [BOND]NO2 outweighs the solvent effect; (v) preferential solvation in the core of reaction can be ruled out. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Chem Kinet 43: 687–693, 2011