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Abstract

Rate constants for the reactions of Cl atoms with cycloheptane, cyclooctane, cyclodecane, cyclohexanone, cycloheptanone, cyclooctanone, and cyclodecanone have been measured at 297 ± 2 K and atmospheric pressure of air using a relative rate method. n-Butane, with a rate constant of 2.05 × 10−10 cm3 molecule−1 s−1, was used as the reference compound, and the rate constants obtained (in units of 10−10 cm3 molecule−1 s−1) were cycloheptane, 4.22 ± 0.15; cyclooctane, 4.57 ± 0.15; cyclodecane, 5.13 ± 0.15; cyclohexanone, 1.79 ± 0.06; cycloheptanone, 2.46 ± 0.07; cyclooctanone, 2.97 ± 0.09; and cyclodecanone, 3.65 ± 0.15, where the indicated errors are two least-squares standard deviations and do not include uncertainties in the rate constant for the reference compound n-butane. Room temperature rate constants for the C5–C10 cycloketones indicate that the [BOND]CH2[BOND] groups adjacent to the carbonyl group are almost totally deactivated toward H-atom abstraction by Cl atoms, and this also applies to acyclic ketones. A previous structure–reactivity relationship for Cl + alkanes has been extended to include acyclic and cyclic ketones. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Chem Kinet 45: 52–58, 2013