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Consecutive Chemical Activation Steps in the OH-Initiated Atmospheric Degradation of Isoprene: An Analysis with Coupled Master Equations

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  • Contract grant sponsor: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

  • Contract grant number: OI 85/5-1.

ABSTRACT

The influence of a two-step chemical activation on 1,5-H and 1,6-H shift reactions of hydroxyl-peroxy radicals formed in the atmospheric photooxidation of isoprene was investigated by means of a master equation analysis. To account for multiple chemical activation processes, three master equations were coupled. The general approach of this coupling is described, and consequences for steady-state regimes are examined. The specific calculations show that chemical activation has no substantial influence on the rate coefficients of the above-mentioned reactions under tropospheric conditions. However, it is demonstrated that high-pressure limits of the thermal rate coefficients instead of the falloff-corrected values have to be used for kinetic modeling. This is a consequence of the continuous population of the high-energy part of the isoprene-OH-O2 adduct distribution by the forming reactions under steady-state conditions. The rate coefficients of the isomerization reactions at T = 298 K were calculated to be k3a = 1.5 × 10−3 s−1 (1,5-H-shift of the 1,2-isomer) and k4a = 6.5 s−1 (1,6-H-shift of the (Z)-1,4-isomer). The calculated value of k4a is three orders of magnitude larger than a recently reported experimentally observed rate coefficient for the hydrogen shift reactions of the hydroxyl-peroxy intermediates. It is shown that this discrepancy is in part due to the fact that the experiment does not distinguish between different structural isomers. A comparison of the experimentally determined isotope effect with the calculated value shows a reasonable agreement.

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