Endoscopic repair of laryngeal cleft type I and type II: When and why?
Article first published online: 24 JUN 2009
Copyright © 2009 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.
Volume 119, Issue 9, pages 1797–1802, September 2009
How to Cite
Rahbar, R., Chen, J. L., Rosen, R. L., Lowry, K. C., Simon, D. M., Perez, J. A., Buonomo, C., Ferrari, L. R. and Katz, E. S. (2009), Endoscopic repair of laryngeal cleft type I and type II: When and why?. The Laryngoscope, 119: 1797–1802. doi: 10.1002/lary.20551
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 24 JUN 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 APR 2009
- Laryngeal cleft;
- airway endoscopy
To evaluate the clinical features of children with type I and type II laryngeal cleft and the role of conservative monitoring versus endoscopic repair in their management.
Clinical presentation and evaluation; findings at the time of laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, and esophagoscopy; and efficacy and outcome of conservative monitoring and endoscopic CO2 laser repair.
Eighty-one patients were evaluated for aspiration. Seventy-four patients were diagnosed as having a clinically significant laryngeal cleft. Thirty-two patients (14 males, 18 females) were monitored conservatively. Forty-nine patients (26 males, 23 females) required surgical intervention due to failed medical and feeding therapy of aspiration related to their laryngeal clefts (28 type I, 21 type II). Endoscopic CO2 laser repair was used in all these patients.
Medical and feeding therapy should be the first modality of treatment in patients with laryngeal cleft type I and type II. Factors supporting surgical repair include: 1) clinically apparent aspiration with feeding, 2) severity of pulmonary status, 3) findings on modified barium swallow and chest x-ray, 4) absence of significant comorbid conditions predisposing to aspiration, 5) findings on upper aerodigestive endoscopy, and 6) poor response to medical management and feeding therapy. Laryngoscope, 2009