Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome

Anatomic and Functional Parameters

Authors


  • Presented at the 113th Annual Meeting of the Triological Society, Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.A., April 30–May 1, 2010.

  • The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis:

To correlate imaging and audiologic findings in patients with large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS).

Study Design:

Retrospective analysis.

Methods:

Thirty-eight patients with LVAS evident on magnetic resonance imaging with available clinical and audiometric data were selected from the databases of the study institution. Images were analyzed for endolymphatic sac and duct size, evidence of incomplete cochlear partitioning, and endolymphatic sac signal heterogeneity. The endolymphatic duct was measured in two different locations: near the vestibular aperture (EDVA) and at the midpoint between the common crus and the operculum (EDMID). Imaging data were correlated with audiologic variables.

Results:

There was significant correlation between ears for the audiologic and anatomic variables collected. Twenty-one (62%) patients had a fluctuating or progressive hearing loss, and 13 (38%) remained stable (four were not evaluable). At the time of the analysis, 41% of ears had a profound loss. Significant correlation was identified between the presence of endolymphatic signal heterogeneity and worse pure tone average (PTA). EDVA measures were significantly larger among ears with a progressive pattern of hearing loss when compared to those that were stable. Also, EDVA correlated with PTA and the presence of progressive hearing loss, but EDMID had no such a relationship.

Conclusions:

Evidence of endolymphatic sac signal heterogeneity and larger measures of endolymphatic width when measured near the vestibule (EDVA) are markers of poorer hearing in these patients. By contrast, midpoint measures of the endolymphatic duct (EDMID) have no correlation with audiometric parameters.

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