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Correlations between symptoms, nasal endoscopy, and in-office computed tomography in post-surgical chronic rhinosinusitis patients

Authors

  • William R. Ryan MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California,U.S.A.
    • Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine, 801 Welch Road, Stanford, CA 94305
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  • Tara Ramachandra MD,

    1. Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A.
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  • Peter H. Hwang MD

    1. Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California,U.S.A.
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  • This paper was presented at the Triological Society Meeting at the Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meeting (COSM) in Las Vegas, Nevada in May, 2010 The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Abstract

Objectives:

To determine correlations between symptoms, nasal endoscopy findings, and computed tomography (CT) scan findings in post-surgical chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients.

Study Design:

Cross-sectional.

Material and Methods:

A total of 51 CRS patients who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) completed symptom questionnaires, underwent endoscopy, and received an in-office sinus CT scan during one clinic visit. For metrics, we used the Sinonasal Outcomes Test-20 (SNOT-20) questionnaire, visual analog symptom scale (VAS), Lund-Kennedy endoscopy scoring scale, and Lund-MacKay (LM) CT scoring scale. We determined Pearson correlation coefficients, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) between scores for symptoms, endoscopy, and CT.

Results:

The SNOT-20 score and most VAS symptoms had poor correlation coefficients with both endoscopy and CT scores (0.03–0.24). Nasal drainage of pus, nasal congestion, and impaired sense of smell had moderate correlation coefficients with endoscopy and CT (0.24–0.42). Endoscopy had a strong correlation coefficient with CT (0.76). Drainage, edema, and polyps had strong correlation coefficients with CT (0.80, 0.69, and 0.49, respectively). Endoscopy had a PPV of 92.5% and NPV of 45.5% for detecting an abnormal sinus CT (LM score ≥1).

Conclusions:

In post-ESS CRS patients, most symptoms do not correlate well with either endoscopy or CT findings. Endoscopy and CT scores correlate well. Abnormal endoscopy findings have the ability to confidently rule in the presence of CT opacification, thus validating the importance of endoscopy in clinical decision making. However, a normal endoscopy cannot assure a normal CT. Thus, symptoms, endoscopy, and CT are complementary in the evaluation of the post-ESS CRS patient. Laryngoscope, 2011

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