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In reference to acute airway obstruction in cervical spinal procedures with bone morphogenetic proteins


  • Conflict of Interest/Disclosures: Dr. Buchowski is a consultant for Stryker. He is part of the speakers' bureau for Stryker; Dr. Riew receives Royalties from Biomet, Medtronic, and Osprey. He has stock or stock options from Benvenue, Expanding Orthopedics, Nexgen, Osprey, Paradigm Spine, PSD, Spinal Kinetics, Spineology, and Vertiflex; Dr. Nussenbaum has nothing to disclose.

  • Financial Disclosure: No financial support was used to support the writing of this manuscript.

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