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Keywords:

  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging;
  • cytomegalovirus;
  • cochlear implant

Abstract

Congenital cytomegalovirus infection is the most frequent nongenetic cause of pediatric hearing loss in the United States, affecting approximately 8,000 children each year. Due in part to variable cytomegalic involvement of the auditory cortex, cochlear implantation outcomes have varied widely. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has the potential to assist in determining candidacy for cochlear implantation through the detection of intact auditory pathways including the cortex. We report a case of a 21-month-old girl with cytomegalovirus-related deafness and diffuse white matter involvement in which fMRI was a determining factor for cochlear implantation and side selection.