The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Surgery for obstructive sleep apnea: Sleep endoscopy determinants of outcome†
Article first published online: 1 AUG 2012
Copyright © 2012 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.
Volume 122, Issue 11, pages 2587–2591, November 2012
How to Cite
Koutsourelakis, I., Safiruddin, F., Ravesloot, M., Zakynthinos, S. and de Vries, N. (2012), Surgery for obstructive sleep apnea: Sleep endoscopy determinants of outcome. The Laryngoscope, 122: 2587–2591. doi: 10.1002/lary.23462
- Issue published online: 25 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 1 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 24 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 17 FEB 2012
- Obstructive sleep apnea;
- sleep endoscopy;
- upper airway surgery;
- Level of Evidence: 4
Although drug-induced sleep endoscopy is often employed to determine the site of obstruction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who will undergo upper airway surgery, it remains unknown whether its findings are associated with surgical outcome. This study tested the hypothesis that drug-induced sleep endoscopy variables can predict the outcome of upper airway surgery in OSA patients.
Case series retrospective analysis.
Forty-nine OSA patients (41 male; mean apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] 30.9 ± 18.5 events/hour) underwent propofol-induced sleep endoscopy followed by upper airway surgery (palatal surgery, and/or radiofrequency ablation of the tongue base, and/or hyoid suspension) and subsequently a follow-up polysomnography to assess surgical outcome.
Twenty-three patients (47%) were responders, and twenty-nine were nonresponders (53%). Nonresponders had a higher occurrence of complete or partial circumferential collapse at velum and complete antero-posterior collapse at tongue base or epiglottis in comparison with responders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that among baseline clinical and polysomnographic characteristics (e.g., AHI, body mass index) and sleep endoscopy findings, the presence of complete circumferential collapse at velum, and of complete antero-posterior collapse at tongue base were the only independent predictors of upper airway surgery failure.
Drug-induced sleep endoscopy can be used to predict higher likelihood of response to upper airway surgery in OSA. Laryngoscope, 2012