All financial and material support for this research and work was departmental. None of the authors have any financial disclosures.
Tobacco dependence treatment: Influence of training experiences on clinical activities among otolaryngologists
Article first published online: 1 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
Volume 123, Issue 12, pages 3005–3009, December 2013
How to Cite
Sutton, M. J., Payne, T. J., Gaughf, N. W., Crews, K. M., Elci, O. U., Peck, S. B. and Schweinfurth, J. (2013), Tobacco dependence treatment: Influence of training experiences on clinical activities among otolaryngologists. The Laryngoscope, 123: 3005–3009. doi: 10.1002/lary.23513
- Issue published online: 25 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 1 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAY 2012
- tobacco dependence treatment;
- brief tobacco treatment;
- Level of Evidence: NA
Although one in five U.S. adults continue to smoke, healthcare providers often fail to provide basic, effective interventions. This is particularly true for physician specialists. This study sought to investigate perceived role, self-efficacy, practice behaviors, and attitudes among otolaryngologists as they relate to the delivery of tobacco treatment services.
This study involved a single administration of a survey questionnaire to current members of the American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS).
A questionnaire was mailed up to three times to active members.
Survey response rate was 39% (N = 2127). Based on an evaluation of treatment factors categorized according to the National Cancer Institute's 5A's approach, trained providers generally rated themselves consistently higher than untrained providers across areas of clinical activity. Minimal differences were noted for Ask and Advise, moderate for Assess, and the greatest for Assist and Arrange. Trained providers also indicated more positive attitudes towards treatment.
While the level of performance was reasonable for otolaryngologists relative to other specialists in the published literature, overall tobacco treatment activity remains unacceptably low. This study suggests the positive impact of training and the potential value of making such experiences widely available. Laryngoscope, 123:3005–3009, 2013