Presented as a poster at the Triological Society Combined Sections Meeting, Scottsdale, Arizona, U.S.A., January 24–26, 2013.
Head and Neck
Level IIB lymph node metastasis in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: Single-institution case series and review of the literature
Article first published online: 6 AUG 2013
Copyright © 2013 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.
Volume 123, Issue 12, pages 3032–3036, December 2013
How to Cite
Gross, B. C., Olsen, S. M., Lewis, J. E., Kasperbauer, J. L., Moore, E. J., Olsen, K. D. and Price, D. L. (2013), Level IIB lymph node metastasis in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: Single-institution case series and review of the literature. The Laryngoscope, 123: 3032–3036. doi: 10.1002/lary.24198
All authors had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Study concept and design: b.c.g., s.m.o., k.d.o., d.l.p.; acquisition of data: b.c.g.; analysis and interpretation of data: b.c.g., s.m.o., k.d.o., d.l.p.; drafting of manuscript: b.c.g., s.m.o., k.d.o., d.l.p.; critical revision of manuscript: b.c.g., s.m.o., j.e.l., j.l.k., e.j.m., k.d.o., d.l.p.; study supervision: k.d.o., d.l.p.
The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.
- Issue published online: 25 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 6 AUG 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 20 MAY 2013 03:14AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 APR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 3 APR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 28 JAN 2013
- level IIB;
- squamous cell carcinoma
To determine the incidence of level IIB lymph node metastasis in patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and to evaluate the need for elective and therapeutic neck dissection of level IIB.
Retrospective cohort study and review of the literature.
Patients with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (N = 65) were primarily treated with surgery at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) from 2004 through 2010. Neck dissection specimens were analyzed by a pathologist, and metastases to level IIB were reported. In addition, 18 previously published studies, totaling 1,114 neck dissections, were reviewed.
Level IIB lymph node metastases were present in 4% and 17% of elective and therapeutic neck dissections, respectively. Ipsilateral IIB metastasis was more common than contralateral IIB metastasis in elective and therapeutic neck dissection specimens. Level IIB lymph node metastasis was not significantly associated with level IIA nodal metastasis, level III nodal metastasis, clinical primary tumor stage, clinical nodal stage, or pathologic confirmation of extracapsular spread in either laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
The rate of occult IIB metastasis in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is exceedingly low. In a clinically node-negative case, the ipsilateral and contralateral level IIB nodal packet should not be dissected. For clinically node-positive cases, ipsilateral level IIB dissection should be performed; contralateral IIB dissection should be performed only when indicated.
Level of Evidence
4. Laryngoscope, 123:3032–3036, 2013