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Laser & Photonics Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 10 Issue 1

January 2016

Volume 10, Issue 1

Pages 1–162

  1. Front Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
    1. You have free access to this content
      Front Cover: Whispering-gallery microcavities with unidirectional laser emission (Laser Photonics Rev. 10(1)/2016) (page 1)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670015

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Optical whispering gallery microcavities enhance significantly the light-matter interaction, and become an excellent platform for studying both fundamental and applied physics. This review summarizes the progress in such microcavities towards unidirectional laser emission and important applications of high-performance photonic devices.

      (Picture: Xue-Feng Jiang et al.,10.1002/lpor.201500163 pp. 40–61, in this issue)

  2. Inside Front Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Inside Front Cover: Circular dichroism induced by Fano resonances in planar chiral oligomers (Laser Photonics Rev. 10(1)/2016) (page 2)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670016

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The energy imparted by circularly polarized light on chiral matter is known to depend on the handedness of light; an effect known as a circular dichroism. This study reveals that an analogous effect can be realized in two-dimensional, planar chiral, nanostructures through a form of circular dichroism in far-field radiation and near-field material absorption that originates from Fano-like modal interference.

      (Picture: Ben Hopkins et al.,10.1002/lpor.201500222 pp. 137–146, in this issue)

  3. Inside Back Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Inside Back Cover: Microcavity-Stabilized Quantum Cascade Laser (Laser Photonics Rev. 10(1)/2016) (page 163)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670017

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Narrow-linewidth lasers are key elements in optical metrology and spectroscopy. Among the innovative solutions aimed to answer the need of stable mid-IR references are crystalline whispering gallery mode microresonators. Here, a CaF2 microresonator is used for frequency stabilization and linewidth narrowing of a mid-IR quantum cascade laser. The laser fills the resonator via evanescent-wave coupling. The method, which allowed for a linewidth reduction down to ten kHz over 1 s, is very promising for mid-infrared metrology and on-chip infrared spectrometers.

      Cover art by Ugo and Mario Siciliani de Cumis.

      (Picture: Mario Siciliani de Cumis et al.,10.1002/lpor.201500214 pp. 153–157, in this issue)

  4. Back Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Back Cover: Super-resolution deep imaging with hollow Bessel beam STED microscopy (Laser Photonics Rev. 10(1)/2016) (page 164)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670018

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A STED based super-resolution deep-imaging microscopy is reported by utilizing a hollow Bessel beam as depletion and a Gaussian beam as excitation beam. Comparing to the conventional STED microscope, about three-fold improvement on lateral resolution at the depth up to ∼150 μm inside the specimen is experimentally demonstrated. The proposed scheme will find promising applications for deep tissue imaging, laser nano-fabrication, and dense optical storage with super-resolution.

      (Picture: Wentao Yu et al.,10.1002/lpor.201500151 pp. 147–152, in this issue)

  5. Issue Information

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Issue Information: Laser & Photon. Rev. 10(1)/2016

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670012

  6. Contents

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Contents: Laser & Photon. Rev. 10(1)/2016 (pages 3–9)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670010

  7. Call for Papers

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Call For Papers: Laser & Photon. Rev. 10(1)/2016 (page 10)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670013

  8. Editorial Advisory Board

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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  9. Retrospect

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
    1. You have free access to this content
      Retrospect: Laser & Photon. Rev. 10(1)/2016 (page 12)

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201670011

  10. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Solving inverse scattering problems in biological samples by quantitative phase imaging (pages 13–39)

      Taewoo Kim, Renjie Zhou, Lynford L. Goddard and Gabriel Popescu

      Article first published online: 16 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400467

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Quantitative phase imaging (QPI) precisely recovers the wavefront of an electromagnetic field scattered by a transparent, weakly scattering object. In the past decade, 3D optical tomographic reconstruction methods based on QPI techniques to solve inverse scattering problems have made significant progress. This review highlights a number of advances and developments in QPI including Fourier transform light scattering (FTLS), optical diffraction tomography (ODT), and white-light diffraction tomography (WDT).

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      Whispering-gallery microcavities with unidirectional laser emission (pages 40–61)

      Xue-Feng Jiang, Chang-Ling Zou, Li Wang, Qihuang Gong and Yun-Feng Xiao

      Article first published online: 10 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500163

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In this review, the progress in whispering-gallery mode microcavities towards unidirectional laser emission is summarized. Three types of mechanisms have been introduced, including scatterer-induced unidirectional emission, chaos-induced unidirectional emission and grating-induced vertical emission. Besides, several important applications of these whispering-gallery microcavities are introduced, such as wide-band laser illumination source, free-space coupling, evanescent field enhancement, optical energy storage, and sensing.

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      Transient absorption microscopy: advances in chemical imaging of photoinduced dynamics (pages 62–81)

      Dar'ya Davydova, Alejandro de la Cadena, Denis Akimov and Benjamin Dietzek

      Article first published online: 9 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500181

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Transient absorption (pump-probe) microscopy, a novel technique which allows investigating the excited state dynamics of nonhomogeneous samples with high optical and temporal resolution, is reviewed and its modifications in far- and near- field are discussed in details. The advantages and challenges of this technique as well as its potentials are illustrated by several application examples.

  11. Original Papers

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
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      Measuring and structuring the spatial coherence length of organic light-emitting diodes (pages 82–90)

      Guohua Xie, Mingzhou Chen, Michael Mazilu, Shuyu Zhang, A.K. Bansal, Kishan Dholakia and Ifor D. W. Samuel

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500065

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The spatial coherence length of light beams from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) is an important feature of their light emission that has been barely studied. A method and optical setup for measuring spatial coherence length using Young's double-slit experiment is reported and applied to a range of OLEDs with different emitters and device architectures. The spatial coherence lengths of planar OLEDs are approaching 2 μm and can be enhanced by integrating external diffractive optical elements.

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      Controllable femtosecond laser-induced dewetting for plasmonic applications (pages 91–99)

      Sergey V. Makarov, Valentin A. Milichko, Ivan S. Mukhin, Ivan I. Shishkin, Dmitry A. Zuev, Alexey M. Mozharov, Alexander E. Krasnok and Pavel A. Belov

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500119

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A novel method for single-step, lithography-free, and large-scale laser writing of nanoparticle-based plasmonic structures has been developed. This method has an advantage over the most previously demonstrated methods in its simplicity and versatility, while the quality of the structures is good enough for many applications. In particular, resonant light absorbtion/scattering and surface-enhanced Raman scattering have been demonstrated on the fabricated nanostructures.

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      Suppression and restoration of disorder-induced light localization mediated by PT-symmetry breaking (pages 100–107)

      Yaroslav V. Kartashov, Chao Hang, Vladimir V. Konotop, Victor A. Vysloukh, Guoxiang Huang and Lluis Torner

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500149

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Parity-time inline image- symmetric waveguides feature real spectra despite the presence of gain and losses. A spectrum becomes complex at the symmetry-breaking point as the guide characteristics are changed. This paper reports on disorder-induced localization caused by off-diagonal disorder introduced into a inline image-symmetric periodic waveguide array. Localization is suppressed near and restored far beyond the symmetry-breaking point. The phenomenon is explained by enhancement of the diffraction in the symmetry-breaking point.

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      Light on a beam splitter: More randomness with single photons (pages 108–115)

      Lukas Oberreiter and Ilja Gerhardt

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500165

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      One simple source of quantum randomness is implemented with light impinging on a beam splitter: A random bit is generated by the binary outcome on single photon detectors at each output port. With a realistic detector model, accounting for electrical jitter and the detector dead-time, an anti-bunched single photon source is able to produce more true randomness per unit time than an even brighter laser.

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      Surface plasmon polariton assisted optical pulling force (pages 116–122)

      Mihail I. Petrov, Sergey V. Sukhov, Andrey A. Bogdanov, Alexander S. Shalin and Aristide Dogariu

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500173

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The authors demonstrate the generation of attractive optical force acting on nanoparticle in the vicinity of metal surface due to surface plasmon polariton (SPP) excitation. The excitation of SPP has strongly asymmetrical character which is determined by spin–orbit coupling of the induced rotating dipole and SPP mode. As a result of the total momentum conservation, the force acting on the particle points in a direction opposite to the incident wave propagation. This effect can be utilized for effective optomechanical control of nanoobjects over metallic surface.

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      Taming chaos: 16 mJ picosecond Ho:YLF regenerative amplifier with 0.7 kHz repetition rate (pages 123–130)

      Lorenz von Grafenstein, Martin Bock, Günter Steinmeyer, Uwe Griebner and Thomas Elsaesser

      Article first published online: 12 JAN 2016 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500213

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Nonlinear dynamics of continuous-wave pumped regenerative amplifiers operating at 2 μm are investigated. At repetition rates near 1 kHz, three different operation regimes are observed, including stable regular, chaotic, and subharmonic dynamics. Exploiting a narrow parameter window beyond the onset of chaos enables operation of a high-gain picosecond Ho:YLF regenerative amplifier which delivers up to 16 mJ picosecond pulses at 2050 nm.

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      Tunable generation of entangled photons in a nonlinear directional coupler (pages 131–136)

      Frank Setzpfandt, Alexander S. Solntsev, James Titchener, Che Wen Wu, Chunle Xiong, Roland Schiek, Thomas Pertsch, Dragomir N. Neshev and Andrey A. Sukhorukov

      Article first published online: 26 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500216

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      An integrated all-optically tunable source of two-photon quantum states based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion is experimentally demonstrated in a directional coupler consisting of two lithium niobate waveguides. The degree of entanglement and shape of two-photon spatial correlations is widely tunable by varying the phase mismatch and relative phases of the two pump beams. The operating principle is suitable for practical implementation of reconfigurable photon sources in on-chip quantum circuits.

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      Circular dichroism induced by Fano resonances in planar chiral oligomers (pages 137–146)

      Ben Hopkins, Alexander N. Poddubny, Andrey E. Miroshnichenko and Yuri S. Kivshar

      Article first published online: 16 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500222

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The energy imparted by circularly polarized light on chiral matter is known to depend on the handedness of light; an effect known as a circular dichroism. This study reveals that an analogous effect can be realized in two-dimensional, planar chiral, nanostructures through a form of circular dichroism in far-field radiation and near-field material absorption that originates from Fano-like modal interference.

  12. Letters

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. Issue Information
    7. Contents
    8. Call for Papers
    9. Editorial Advisory Board
    10. Retrospect
    11. Review Articles
    12. Original Papers
    13. Letters
    1. You have free access to this content
      Super-resolution deep imaging with hollow Bessel beam STED microscopy (pages 147–152)

      Wentao Yu, Ziheng Ji, Dashan Dong, Xusan Yang, Yunfeng Xiao, Qihuang Gong, Peng Xi and Kebin Shi

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500151

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A STED based super resolution deep-imaging modality is reported by utilizing a hollow Bessel beam as depletion and a Gaussian beam as excitation beam. Comparing to the conventional STED microscope, an improvement on lateral resolution at the depth up to ∼150μm inside the specimen is experimentally demonstrated, with ∼100μm depth inside biological phantom. The proposed scheme can find promising applications for deep tissue imaging, laser nano-fabrication, and dense optical storage with super-resolution.

    2. You have free access to this content
      Microcavity-Stabilized Quantum Cascade Laser (pages 153–157)

      Mario Siciliani de Cumis, Simone Borri, Giacomo Insero, Iacopo Galli, Anatoliy Savchenkov, Danny Eliyahu, Vladimir Ilchenko, Naota Akikusa, Andrey Matsko, Lute Maleki and Paolo De Natale

      Article first published online: 24 NOV 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500214

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Narrow linewidth lasers are key elements in optical metrology and spectroscopy. While stabilization of visible-to-near-IR lasers benefits of a variety of ultrastable references, its complexity increases tremendously moving to longer wavelenghts. In this paper, mid-IR quantum cascade laser stabilization to high-Q crystalline microresonators is reported, a promising method for mid-infrared metrology and on-chip infrared spectrometers.

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      Enabling arbitrary wavelength frequency combs on chip (pages 158–162)

      Mohammad Soltani, Andrey Matsko and Lute Maleki

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201500226

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A generalized dispersion engineering technique is developed for microresonator-based Kerr frequency combs. It involves photonic compound ring resonators operating in the strongly dispersive coupling regime intended to achieve anomalous group velocity dispersion at any desirable wavelength ranging from ultraviolet to mid infrared. This technique is promising for on-chip generation of ultra-short bright optical solitons. It is validated by exact numerical simulation revealing bright solitons at wavelengths near the rubidium transition (∼794.6 nm) using silicon nitride compound microrings.

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