Laser & Photonics Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 4 Issue 1

Special Issue: 50 Years of Laser

January 2010

Volume 4, Issue 1

Pages A1–A14, 1–177

  1. Cover Picture

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. Cover Picture: Laser & Photon. Rev. 4(1)/2010

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201090000

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      When a laser pulse propagates through a pair of diffraction gratings, its carrier-envelope phase depends strongly on the separation of gratings. This effect has been used to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase in chirped pulse laser amplifiers.

      (Picture: E. Moon et al., pp. 160–177, in this issue)

  2. Contents

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. Special Issue: 50 Years of Laser (pages A1–A4)

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201000501

  3. Editorial

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. 50 Years of Laser. Celebrating an invention that changed our lives (pages A5–A6)

      Theodor W. Hänsch

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201000502

  4. Retrospect and Preview

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
  5. News and Conferences

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. News and Conferences (pages A9–A14)

      Article first published online: 4 JAN 2010 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201000504

  6. Review

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. Towards more relaxed conditions for a gamma-ray laser: Methods to realize induced transparency for nuclear resonant gamma radiation (pages 1–20)

      J. Odeurs, G.R. Hoy, Y. Rostovtsev and R.N. Shakhmuratov

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810068

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Nuclear quantum optics deals with the resonant interaction of gamma-radiation and nuclei, generally incorporated in a solid-state material. Single gamma-rays interact with an ensemble of nuclei. The properties of the resonantly forward-scattered gamma-radiation depend on the details of the interaction. An external modification of the nuclear energies will influence the interactions, and hence the properties of the radiation. Several techniques are proposed to reduce the resonant absorption of the gamma-rays, creating a nuclear medium that is partially transparent, which could be important for the realization of a gamma-ray laser.

  7. Reviews

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials (pages 21–41)

      S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin and C. Kim

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810076

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Recent progress in chromium- and iron-doped II-VI semiconductor materials makes them the laser sources of choice when one needs a compact system with tunability over 1.9–5.1 µm. Output powers exceeding 10 W and efficiencies up to 70% were demonstrated in several Cr-doped semiconductors. The unique combination of technological (low-cost ceramic material) and spectroscopic characteristics makes these materials ideal candidates for mid-IR tunable laser systems. This article reviews transition-metal-doped II-VI materials and recent progress in Cr- and Fe-doped solid-state mid-IR lasers.

    2. Laser wakefield plasma accelerators (pages 42–52)

      K. Krushelnick and V. Malka

      Article first published online: 16 APR 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810062

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Over the past years there have been significant advances in research towards generating compact relativistic electron beams using high power short pulse laser produced plasmas (i.e., laser wakefield accelerators). In 2004 a method has been discovered to create such beams with low energy spread using a “plasma bubble” shaped wake. Recent work has increased the energy of these beams to the GeV range by extending the acceleration distance from a few millimetres to several centimeters. The aim is to further improve the parameters and stability of these beams with the goal of constructing “table-top” 4th generation sources of coherent x-ray radiation.

  8. Editor's Choice

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. You have free access to this content
      Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6 (pages 53–98)

      V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I.V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh

      Article first published online: 8 JUN 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810075

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      This article gives a review of the physical properties, linear and nonlinear optical characteristics, and phase-matching configurations of BiB3O6 (BIBO), the first low-symmetry (monoclinic) inorganic nonlinear crystal that has found broad applications for frequency conversion of laser sources from the UV, across the visible, to the near-IR based on three-wave interactions. The most relevant optical properties are described that make this material an attractive candidate for nonlinear frequency conversion of laser light in general, and ultrafast femtosecond laser sources in particular.

  9. Reviews

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Contents
    4. Editorial
    5. Retrospect and Preview
    6. News and Conferences
    7. Review
    8. Reviews
    9. Editor's Choice
    10. Reviews
    1. Laser-initiated ignition (pages 99–122)

      J. Tauer, H. Kofler and E. Wintner

      Article first published online: 5 JUN 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810070

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In this article the physical background of laser ignition of engines is reviewed. This mainly comprises the mechanisms of plasma formation, which are the generation of first free electrons and their avalanche-like multiplication. Combustion fundamentals are discussed leading to an understanding of flammability and minimum ignition laser energies. An important section is represented by the description of the components of laser ignition, like the diode-pumped passively Q-switched solid-state laser system, or multiplexing schemes, optical fibers, concepts for an incoupling window and focusing optics.

    2. Laser precision engineering: from microfabrication to nanoprocessing (pages 123–143)

      T.C. Chong, M.H. Hong and L.P. Shi

      Article first published online: 23 MAR 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810057

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Laser precision engineering is being extensively applied in industries for device microfabrication due to its unique advantages of being a dry and noncontact process, coupled with the availability of reliable light sources and affordable system cost. To further reduce the feature size to the nanometer scale, the optical diffraction limit has to be overcome. With the combination of advanced processing tools feature sizes as small as 20 nm have been achieved by near-field laser irradiation. To further reduce the feature size to the atomic scale, atomic lithography using laser cooling to localize atoms is being developed, bringing laser-processing technology to a new era of atomic engineering.

    3. Characterization of atmospheric optical turbulence for laser propagation (pages 144–159)

      A. Mahalov and M. Moustaoui

      Article first published online: 26 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200910002

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The performance of imaging or transmission systems is limited by atmospheric inhomogeneities and fluctuations. Temperature and pressure variations associated with turbulent eddies cause random fluctuations of the refractive index structure constant, which distort optical waves. The distortions may lead to significant blurring, scintillations, broadening and wander of the laser beam. High resolution nested numerical simulations are used to predict and characterize Optical Turbulence induced by jet streams and gravity waves under various local atmospheric conditions.

    4. Advances in carrier-envelope phase stabilization of grating-based chirped-pulse amplifiers (pages 160–177)

      E. Moon, H. Wang, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, M. Chini and Z. Chang

      Article first published online: 17 JUN 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.200810060

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Grating-based chirped pulse amplifiers are the cornerstone of high-power femtosecond lasers. The amplification of carrier-envelope phase stable pulses in such lasers has only been realized within the last few years. Currently, the state-of-the-art in this endeavor is utilizing the change in grating separation in the stretcher or compressor. The phase-stabilized pulses from grating-based chirped amplifiers have been successfully used in attosecond pulse generation with subcycle gating techniques.

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