Laser & Photonics Reviews

Cover image for Vol. 9 Issue 2

March 2015

Volume 9, Issue 2

Pages A9–A16, 129–273, L1–L10, i–ii

  1. Front Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Front Cover: Coherent pulse synthesis: towards sub-cycle optical waveforms (Laser Photonics Rev. 9(2)/2015)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570020

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The generation of sub-cycle optical waveforms is at the frontier of ultrafast optics. It ultimately needs manipulation of ultrabroad bandwidths and accurate control of the spectral phase. One fascinating route to fulfil these requirements is coherent synthesis, i.e. the combination of pulses from separate sources. What are the challenges of this approach? How to generate, control, and combine separate light pulses? A journey at the discovery of coherent synthesis: from its conceptual fundamentals, to the most recent and successful experimental results.

      (Picture credits: Shaobo Fang, see also C. Manzoni et al.,10.1002/lpor.201400181 pp. 129–171, in this issue)

  2. Inside Front Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Inside Front Cover: Review and perspective on ultrafast wavelength-size electro-optic modulators (Laser Photonics Rev. 9(2)/2015)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570021

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The image shows a wavelength-size electro-optic modulator. Its performance is determined by the interaction strength between light and matter, which is enhanced via a sub-diffraction limited hybrid plasmon mode. Atom thin electro-optic materials such as graphene fit synergistically in this tiny optical mode enabling strong modulation and seamless integration with Silicon waveguide platforms

      (Picture: K. Liu et al.,10.1002/lpor.201400219 pp. 172–194, in this issue)

  3. Inside Back Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Inside Back Cover: Selective switching of individual multipole resonances in single dielectric nanoparticles (Laser Photonics Rev. 9(2)/2015)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570022

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      High refractive-index dielectric nanoparticles exhibit a resonator-like behavior. They support both strong electric and magnetic resonances, which are easily accessible under plane-wave illumination. By spatially tailoring the excitation field, individual multipole resonances can be selectively addressed while not permitting excitation of other particle modes.

      (Picture: P. Woźniak, P. Banzer, G. Leuchs,10.1002/lpor.201400188 pp. 231–240, in this issue)

  4. Back Cover

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Back Cover: Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces(Laser Photonics Rev. 9(2)/2015)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570023

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Optical metasurfaces are thin-layer subwavelength patterned structures that interact strongly with light. Metasurfaces demonstrate many useful properties of metamaterials with engineered resonant electric and magnetic optical responses combined with low losses of thin-layer structures. Here we introduce the basic concepts of this rapidly growing research field that stem from earlier studies of frequency selective surfaces in radio physics, being enriched by the recent development of metadevices and subwavelength nanophotonics.

      (Picture: A. E. Minovich et al.,10.1002/lpor.201400402 pp. 195–213, in this issue)

  5. LPR Call for Paper

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. LPR Call For Paper: Laser & Photon. Rev. 9(2)/2015 (page A9)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570024

  6. Editorial Advisory Board

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
  7. Contents

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Contents: Laser & Photon. Rev. 9(2)/2015 (pages A11–A16)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570026

  8. Review Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Coherent pulse synthesis: towards sub-cycle optical waveforms (pages 129–171)

      Cristian Manzoni, Oliver D. Mücke, Giovanni Cirmi, Shaobo Fang, Jeffrey Moses, Shu-Wei Huang, Kyung-Han Hong, Giulio Cerullo and Franz X. Kärtner

      Article first published online: 2 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400181

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The generation of sub-cycle light waveforms is at the frontiers of optics: ultrashort waveform generation calls for broad bandwidth and tailored spectral phase; coherent synthesis of fields from separate sources promises to fulfill both challenges. In this review, the experimental tools for coherent waveform synthesis and characterization are discussed, and the most recent advances are presented.

    2. Review and perspective on ultrafast wavelength-size electro-optic modulators (pages 172–194)

      Ke Liu, Chen Ran Ye, Sikandar Khan and Volker J. Sorger

      Article first published online: 10 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400219

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The performances of electro-optic modulators (EOM) is determined by the interaction strength between light and matter. Here, EOMs based on sub-diffraction-limited optical modes are summarized and discussed. These devices show performance metrics that are able to surpass classical device limits through (a) optical field enhancements, (b) low-Q resonators and (c) synergistic integration schemes including emerging materials for strong index modulation.

    3. Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces (pages 195–213)

      Alexander E. Minovich, Andrey E. Miroshnichenko, Anton Y. Bykov, Tatiana V. Murzina, Dragomir N. Neshev and Yuri S. Kivshar

      Article first published online: 9 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400402

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Metasurfaces have become the subject of several rapidly growing areas of research. They show many useful properties of metadevices with engineered resonant electric and magnetic optical responses combined with low losses of thin-layer structures. The basic concepts of this rapidly growing research field are introduced and enriched by the recent development of metamaterials and subwavelength nanophotonics. The most interesting properties of photonic metasurfaces are reviewed and their useful functionalities are demonstrated.

  9. Original Papers

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Electro-optical interferometric microscopy of periodic and aperiodic ferroelectric structures (pages 214–223)

      Duc Thien Trinh, Vasyl Shynkar, Ady Arie, Yan Sheng, Wieslaw Krolikowski and Joseph Zyss

      Article first published online: 19 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400122

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The ferroelectric domain structure of 1D periodically poled KTiOPO4 and 2D short-range ordered poled LiNbO3 crystals are probed non-invasively by interferometric microscopy measurements of the electro-optically induced phase retardation with diffraction limited spatial resolution. The nonlinear and electro-optic modulation patterns of these crystals are revealed in a non-destructive manner, together with their poling period, duty cycle, and short-range order, while local defects inside the domain structure can be detected.

    2. Nanoscopically resolved dynamic charge-carrier distribution in operating interband cascade lasers (pages 224–230)

      Rudra S. Dhar, Lu Li, Hao Ye, Seyed G. Razavipour, Xueren Wang, Rui Q. Yang and Dayan Ban

      Article first published online: 13 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400143

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Gain-providing charge carrier distribution in a lasing interband cascade laser is quantitatively measured at nanometer scales by using non-invasive scanning voltage microscopy technique. Experimental results clearly confirm the accumulation and spatial segregation of holes and electrons in the multiple quantum-well active region of the device. The experimental approach could lead to an in-depth understanding of fundamental processes that govern the operation and performance of nanoelectronic, quantum and optoelectronic devices.

    3. Selective switching of individual multipole resonances in single dielectric nanoparticles (pages 231–240)

      Paweł Woźniak, Peter Banzer and Gerd Leuchs

      Article first published online: 10 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400188

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      High refractive-index dielectric nanoparticles support not only electric but also strong magnetic resonances, which are accessible under plane-wave illumination. Here, it is shown that by tailoring the excitation field, individual multipole resonances can be selectively addressed and studied while not permitting excitation of other particle modes.

    4. Nonreciprocal transmission in a nonlinear photonic-crystal Fano structure with broken symmetry (pages 241–247)

      Yi Yu, Yaohui Chen, Hao Hu, Weiqi Xue, Kresten Yvind and Jesper Mork

      Article first published online: 22 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400207

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A simple and ultracompact photonic-crystal structure exhibits diode functionality, i.e. one-way transmission only, is demonstrated. The structure is based on a photonic crystal waveguide coupled to a single nanocavity, and uses cavity-enhanced ultrafast carrier nonlinearities in combination with spatial symmetry breaking and a Fano resonance to realize nonreciprocal propagation effects at ultralow power and with good wavelength tunability.

    5. Linear readout of integrated interferometric biosensors using a periodic wavelength modulation (pages 248–255)

      Stefania Dante, Daphné Duval, David Fariña, Ana Belén González-Guerrero and Laura M. Lechuga

      Article first published online: 5 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400216

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      To solve the ambiguities affecting interferometric biosensors, a phase modulation system based on variations of the incident wavelength and Fourier deconvolution is presented. The wavelength variation is introduced taking advantage of the power-wavelength dependence of commercial laser diodes, resulting in a cost-effective method, valid for all modal interferometers. Considering the modulation of a bimodal waveguide interferometric sensor, limits of detection of 4 · 10−7 for bulk sensing and 7 ng/ml for the detection of C-Reactive protein were demonstrated.

    6. Plasmonic leaky-mode lasing in active semiconductor nanowires (pages 256–262)

      Sebastian Wuestner, Joachim M. Hamm, Andreas Pusch and Ortwin Hess

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400231

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In photonic nanowire lasers, leaky modes compete with almost lossless above-cutoff modes, usually preventing leaky modes from crossing their lasing threshold. The situation is drastically different in plasmonic nanowire systems where the above-cutoff plasmonic modes are very lossy. Leaky-mode lasing is facilitated for small wire diameters as the threshold gain of the hybrid electric leaky mode remains almost constant with reduced wire diameter due to gain guiding.

    7. Spectrally resolved resonant propulsion of dielectric microspheres (pages 263–273)

      Yangcheng Li, Alexey V. Maslov, Nicholaos I. Limberopoulos, Augustine M. Urbas and Vasily N. Astratov

      Article first published online: 10 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400237

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The optical propulsion of polystyrene microspheres is studied in tapered microfiber couplers in both spectral and time domains simultaneously. By tuning the wavelength of the guided mode, it is shown that the spectral shape, position and magnitude of the observed propelling force peaks are explained by efficient light-momentum transfer to microspheres under resonance with their whispering-gallery modes. The stable radial trap for the moving microspheres is demonstrated.

  10. Letters

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Ultra-fast heralded single photon source based on telecom technology (pages L1–L5)

      Lutfi Arif Ngah, Olivier Alibart, Laurent Labonté, Virginia D'Auria and Sébastien Tanzilli

      Article first published online: 20 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400404

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The realization of an ultra-fast source of heralded single photons emitted at the wavelength of 1540 nm is reported. The presented strategy is based on state-of-the-art telecom technology, combined with off-the-shelf fiber components and waveguide non-linear stages pumped by a 10 GHz repetition rate laser. The single photons are heralded at a rate as high as 2.1 MHz with a heralding efficiency of 42%. Single-photon character of the source is inferred by measuring the second-order autocorrelation function. For the highest heralding rate, a value as low as 0.023 is found. This not only proves negligible multi-photon contributions but also represents one of the best measured values reported to date for heralding rates in the MHz regime. These performances, associated with a device-like configuration, are key ingredients for both fast and secure quantum communication protocols.

    2. Electrically pumped 1550 nm single mode III-V-on-silicon laser with resonant grating cavity mirrors (pages L6–L10)

      Yannick De Koninck, Gunther Roelkens and Roel Baets

      Article first published online: 9 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400448

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      This article presents a novel III-V on silicon laser. This work exploits the phenomenon that a passive silicon cavity, side-coupled to a III-V waveguide, will provide high and narrow-band reflectivity into the III-V waveguide: the resonant mirror. This results in an electrically pumped laser with a threshold current of 4 mA and a side-mode suppression ratio up to 48 dB.

  11. Issue Information

    1. Top of page
    2. Front Cover
    3. Inside Front Cover
    4. Inside Back Cover
    5. Back Cover
    6. LPR Call for Paper
    7. Editorial Advisory Board
    8. Contents
    9. Review Articles
    10. Original Papers
    11. Letters
    12. Issue Information
    1. Issue Information: Laser & Photon. Rev. 9(2)/2015 (pages i–ii)

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201570028

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