Power density and exposure time of He-Ne laser irradiation are more important than total energy dose in photo-biomodulation of human fibroblasts in vitro


  • Hans H. F. I. van Breugel PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Janus Jongbloed Research Centre, University of Utrecht, 3521 GG, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    • Research Lab Neurology G02.314, University Hospital Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, 3508 GA Utrecht, The Netherlands
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  • P. R. Dop Bär PhD

    1. Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Utrecht, 3508 GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands
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The absorption spectrum of human fibroblast monolayers showed several absorption peaks, among them one at a wavelength of 630 nm. Cultures of these fibroblasts were subjected to He-Ne laser (632.8 nm) irradiation of various energy doses by varying power density and exposure time. On three consecutive days the cell monolayers were irradiated for periods between 0.5 and 10 min. Laser power varied from 0.55 to 5.98 mW. Both cell number and collagen type I production were determined for each irradiation condition within one experiment. Results show that laser power below 2.91 mW could enhance cell proliferation (as determined by cell counting), whereas higher laser power (5.98 mW) had no effect. Stimulatory effects were most pronounced at irradiation times between 0.5 and 2 min. Collagen type I production (as determined by an ELISA) was affected in the opposite direction to cell proliferation: when the cell proliferation was increased, collagen type I production was decreased. From these experiments it is clear that exposure time and power density determine the effects of laser irradiation. Both stimulation and inhibition of the observed cell properties can be obtained with the same laser on the same cells. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.