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Keywords:

  • Raman spectroscopy;
  • larynx;
  • non-invasive diagnosis

Abstract

Background and Objectives

Raman spectroscopy (RS) provides information about molecular structure and is a potential tool for non-invasive tissue diagnosis. To determine if Raman spectra could be obtained rapidly from laryngeal tissue in vitro, and compare Raman spectra from normal, benign, and cancerous laryngeal tissue.

Study Design/Materials and Methods

Forty-seven laryngeal specimens were studied using RS with signal acquisition times (SAT) between 1 and 30 second(s). Multivariate analysis was used to determine the diagnostic ability of RS compared to standard histology (n = 18, 13, and 16 respectively for normal tissue, carcinoma, and squamous papilloma).

Results

Good quality spectra were obtained with 5-second SAT. Spectral peak analysis showed prediction sensitivities of 89%, 69%, and 88%, and specificities of 86%, 94%, and 94% for normal tissue, carcinoma, and papilloma.

Conclusions

In the larynx, spectral differences appear to exist between normal tissue, carcinoma, and papilloma. The ability to obtain spectra rapidly supports potential for future in vivo studies. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.