• 1
    Annual report of the U.S. scientific registry for transplant recipients and the organ procurement and transplant network: transplant data: 1989–1998. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Office of Special Programs, Division of Transplantation, Rockville, MD; UNOS, Richmond, VA.
  • 2
    Ubel PA, Loewenstein G. Public perceptions of the importance of prognosis in allocating transplantable livers to children. Med Decis Making 1996; 16: 234241.
  • 3
    McMaster P. Transplantation for alcoholic liver disease in an era of organ shortage. Lancet 2000; 355: 424425.
  • 4
    Gibbons RD, Duan N, Meltzer D. Inequities in liver transplant allocation. Science 2000; 289: 549550.
  • 5
    Ubel PA, Arnold RM, Caplan AL. Rationing failure. The ethical lessons of the retransplantation of scarce vital organs. JAMA 1993; 270: 24692474.
  • 6
    Jain A, Reyes J, Kashyap R, Dodson SF, Demetris AJ, Ruppert K, et al. Long-term survival after liver transplantation in 4,000 consecutive patients at a single center. Ann Surg 2000; 232: 490500.
  • 7
    Shmueli D, Mor E, Sharabani E, Bar NN, Ben Ari Z, Yussim A, et al. A 4-year small-center experience in liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 1997; 29: 28682869.
  • 8
    Wiesner RH. Liver transplantation for primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis: predicting outcomes with natural history models. Mayo Clin Proc 1998; 73: 575588.
  • 9
    Jain AB, Fung JJ, Todo S, Reyes J, Selby R, Irish W, et al. One thousand consecutive primary orthotopic liver transplants under FK 506: survival and adverse events. Transplant Proc 1995; 27: 10991104.
  • 10
    Buckels JA. Liver transplantation: current status, complications and prevention. J Antimicrob Chemother 1995; 36 (suppl B): 3949.
  • 11
    Forman LM, Lewis JD, Berlin JA, Feldman HI, Lucey MR. The association between hepatitis C infection and survival after orthotopic liver transplantation. Gastroenterology 2002; 122: 889896.
  • 12
    Smith CM, Davies DB, McBride MA. Liver transplantation in the United States: a report from the UNOS liver transplant registry. Clin Transpl 1999; 2334.
  • 13
    Harper AM, Baker AS. The UNOS OPTN waiting list: 1988–1995. Clin Transpl 1995; 6984.
  • 14
    Donaldson PT, Thomson LJ, Heads A, Underhill JA, Vaughan RW, Rolando N, et al. IgG donor-specific crossmatches are not associated with graft rejection or poor graft survival after liver transplantation. An assessment by cytoxicity and flow cytometry. Transplantation 1995; 60: 10161023.
  • 15
    Pillay P, Van Thiel DH, Gavaler JS, Starzl TE. Effect of race upon organ donation and recipient survival in liver transplantation 18. Dig Dis Sci 1990; 35: 13911396.
  • 16
    Nikaein A, Backman L, Jennings L, Levy MF, Goldstein R, Gonwa T, et al. HLA compatibility and liver transplant outcome. Improved patient survival by HLA and cross-matching. Transplantation 1994; 58: 786792.
  • 17
    Wiesner RH, McDiarmid SV, Kamath PS, Edwards EB, Malinchoc M, Kremers WK, et al. MELD and PELD: application of survival models to liver allocation. Liver Transpl 2001; 7: 567580.
  • 18
    Harris EK, Abert A. Volume 114: Statistics: textbook and monographs series. Cohen, DB, ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1991.
  • 19
    Cox DR. Regression models and life-tables (with discussion). J Roya Stat Soc Ser B 1972; 34: 187202.
  • 20
    S-PLUS 2000 Guide to Statistics, Volume 1, Data Analysis Products Division, MathSoft, Seattle, WA, 1999.
  • 21
    Grambsch PM, Dickson ER, Wiesner RH, Langworthy A. Application of the Mayo primary biliary cirrhosis survival model to Mayo liver transplant patients. Mayo Clin Proc 1989; 64: 699704.
  • 22
    Fung JJ, Starzl TE. FK506 in solid organ transplantation. Ther Drug Monit 1995; 17: 592595.
  • 23
    Smits J, Meester JD, Persijn GG, Claas FHJ, Vanrenterghem Y. Long term results of solid organ transplantation. In: CeckaJM, TerasakiPI, editors. Clinical Transplant 1996. Report from the Eurotransplant international foundation. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Tissue Typing Laboratory. 1996: 109127.
  • 24
    Bismuth H, Samuel D, Castaing D, Williams R, Pereira SP. Liver transplantation in Europe for patients with acute liver failure. Semin Liver Dis 1996; 16: 415425.