Liver transplantation with monosegments. Technical aspects and outcome: A meta-analysis

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Abstract

The shortage of organ donors for low-weight liver transplant recipients, especially small children, has led to the development of new surgical techniques to increase the donor pool. Almost all of these techniques use the left lateral segment (Couinaud's segments II and III), but even this graft could be too large for children under 10 kg, and further reduction could be necessary. Few articles address the issue of monosegmental liver transplantation. Available articles are with small sample sizes or even case reports, which makes it difficult to draw conclusions about indication and outcome for monosegmental grafts. A search of the MEDLINE databases using the terms “Liver Transplantation” and “Monosegmental” or “Monosegments” limited to title or abstract with publication in the English language was conducted. The data from each study were selected and analyzed, regarding donor status (living or cadaveric), donor weight, surgical techniques used in left lateral further reduction, recipient indication for liver transplantation, age and recipient weight, graft-to-recipient body weight ratio, segment utilized, type of abdominal closure, postoperative complications, and survival. Seven publications were identified from 1995 to 2004 and fulfilled the criteria. A total of 27 pediatric patients who received a monosegment transplant were identified, median age 211 days (range, 27 to 454 days) and median weight 4.6 kg (range, 2.45 to 7.4 kg). Segment III was utilized in 21 (78%) and segment II in 6 (22%). Patient survival was 85.2%. In conclusion, monosegment liver transplantation appears to be a satisfactory option for infants weighing less than 10 kg who require a liver transplant. (Liver Transpl 2005;11:564–569.)

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