• 1
    Aggarwal S, Kang Y, Freeman JA, Fortunato FL, Pinsky MR. Postreperfusion syndrome: cardiovascular collapse following hepatic reperfusion during liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 1987; 19(suppl 3): 5455.
  • 2
    Starzl TE, Marchioro TL, Von Kaulla KN, Hermann G, Brittain RS, Waddell WR. Homotransplantation of the liver in humans. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1963; 117: 659676.
  • 3
    Abouna GM, Skillen A, Hull CJ, Hodson A, Kirkley JR. A comparison of the effects of warm ischemia and hypothermia on liver glycogen, electrolytes, pH, and subsequent function during perfusion. Br J Surg 1969; 56: 382383.
  • 4
    Marino IR, De Luca G. Orthotopic liver transplantation in pigs. An evaluation of different methods of avoiding the revascularization syndrome. Transplantation 1985; 40: 494498.
  • 5
    Chapin JW, Wood RP, Hurlbert BJ, Shaw BW, Kennedy EM, Cuka DJ, et al. Sources of increased potassium following reperfusion of liver allografts. Transplant Proc 1987; 19(suppl 3): 5153.
  • 6
    Acosta F, Sansano T, Contreras RF, Reche M, Beltran R, Roques V, et al. Changes in serum potassium during reperfusion in liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 1999; 31: 23822383.
  • 7
    Nanashima A, Pillay P, Crawford M, Nakasuji M, Verran DJ, Painter D. Analysis of postrevascularization syndrome after orthotopic liver transplantation: the experience of an Australian liver transplant center. J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2001; 8: 557563.
  • 8
    Gruttadauria S, Cintorino D, Musumeci A, Arcadipane A, Burgio G, Clarizia S, et al. Comparison of two different techniques of reperfusion in adult orthotopic liver transplantation. Clin Transplant 2006; 20: 159162.
  • 9
    Moreno C, Sabate A, Figueras J, Camprubi I, Dalmau A, Fabregat J, et al. Hemodynamic profile and tissue oxygenation in orthotopic liver transplantation: influence of hepatic artery or portal vein revascularization of the graft. Liver Transpl 2006; 12: 16071614.
  • 10
    Daniela K, Michael Z, Florian I, Silvia S, Estrella J, Doris D, et al. Influence of retrograde flushing via the caval vein on the post-reperfusion syndrome in liver transplantation. Clin Transplant 2004; 18: 638641.
  • 11
    Mills MJ, Melinek J, Csete M, Imagawa DK, Olthoff KM, Neelankanta G, et al. Randomized controlled trial to evaluate flush and reperfusion techniques in liver transplantation. Transplantation 1997; 63: 397403.
  • 12
    Jugan E, Albaladejo P, Jayais P, Ecoffey C. The failure of venovenous bypass to prevent graft liver reperfusion syndrome. Transplantation 1992; 54: 8184.
  • 13
    Acosta F, Rodriguez MA, Sansano T, Contreras RF, Reche M, Roques V, et al. Influence of surgical technique on postreperfusion syndrome during liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 1999; 31: 23802381.
  • 14
    Acosta F, Rodriguez MA, Sansano T, Contreras RF, Reche M, Roques V, et al. Atropine prophylaxis of the postreperfusion syndrome in liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 1999; 31: 2377.
  • 15
    Hilmi I, Planinsic R, Sakai T, Nicolau-Raducu R, Damien D, Gligor S. The impact of post-reperfusion syndrome on short-term patient and liver allograft outcome in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. Liver Transpl 2008; 14: 504508.
  • 16
    Brajtbord D, Parks RI, Ramsay MA, Paulsen AW, Valek TR, Swygert TH, et al. Management of acute elevation of intracranial pressure during hepatic transplantation. Anesthesiology 1989; 70: 139141.
  • 17
    Cines DB, Pollak ES, Buck CA, Loscalzo J, Zimmerman GA, McEver RP, et al. Endothelial cells in physiology and in the pathophysiology of vascular disorders. Blood 1998; 91: 35273561.
  • 18
    Yang L, Froio RM, Sciuto TE, Dvorak AM, Alon R, Luscinskas FW. ICAM-1 regulates neutrophil adhesion and transcellular migration of TNF-alpha-activated vascular endothelium under flow. Blood 2005; 106: 584592.
  • 19
    Girn HR, Ahilathirunayagam S, Mavor AI, Homer-Vanniasinkam S. Reperfusion syndrome: cellular mechanisms of microvascular dysfunction and potential therapeutic strategies. Vasc Endovascular Surg 2007; 41: 277293.
  • 20
    Quireze C, Montero EF, Leitao RM, Juliano Y, Fagundes DJ, Poli-de-Figueiredo LF. Ischemic preconditioning prevents apoptotic cell death and necrosis in early and intermediate phases of liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. J Invest Surg 2006; 19: 229236.
  • 21
    Kanoria S, Jalan R, Seifalian AM, Williams R, Davidson BR. Protocols and mechanisms for remote ischemic preconditioning: a novel method for reducing ischemia reperfusion injury. Transplantation 2007; 84: 445458.
  • 22
    Gunaydin B, Cakici I, Soncul H, Kalaycioglu S, Cevik C, Sancak B, et al. Does remote organ ischemia trigger cardiac preconditioning during coronary artery surgery? Pharmacol Res 2000; 41: 493496.
  • 23
    Kupiec-Weglinski JW, Busuttil RW. Ischemia and reperfusion injury in liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 2005; 37: 16531656.
  • 24
    Nicoud IB, Knox CD, Jones CM, Anderson CD, Pierce JM, Belous AE, et al. 2-APB protects against liver ischemia-reperfusion injury by reducing cellular and mitochondrial calcium uptake. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2007; 293: G623G630.
  • 25
    Busuttil R. Liver ischaemia and reperfusion injury. Br J Surg 2007; 94: 787788.
  • 26
    Lang JD, Teng X, Chumley P, Crawford JH, Isbell TS, Chacko BK, et al. Inhaled NO accelerates restoration of liver function in adults following orthotopic liver transplantation. J Clin Invest 2007; 117: 25832591.