Outcome of post–liver transplant ischemic and nonischemic biliary stenoses treated with percutaneous interventions: The bologna experience

Authors

  • Emanuela Giampalma,

    Corresponding author
    1. Radiology Unit, Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine,University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
    • Radiology Unit, Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Albertoni 15, Bologna, Italy 40138
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    • Telephone: +390516362311 or +390516362307; FAX: +390516362699

  • Matteo Renzulli,

    1. Radiology Unit, Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine,University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
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  • Cristina Mosconi,

    1. Radiology Unit, Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine,University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
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  • Giorgio Ercolani,

    1. Liver and Multiorgan Transplant Unit, Department of General Surgery, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
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  • Antonio Daniele Pinna,

    1. Liver and Multiorgan Transplant Unit, Department of General Surgery, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
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  • Rita Golfieri

    1. Radiology Unit, Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine,University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
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Abstract

In liver transplantation (LT), biliary strictures (BSs) are among the most common complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous treatments in the management of post-LT BSs. Between 1999 and 2007, 48 patients underwent percutaneous treatments for posttransplant BSs. We divided the population into 2 groups according to the cause [ischemic (n = 14) or nonischemic (n = 34)] and into further subgroups according to the site [anastomotic (n = 34) or nonanastomotic (n = 14)]. All patients were treated with bilioplasty; in 9 patients who were refractory to bilioplasty, metallic stents were implanted. A technical success rate of 90% was achieved without differences between the ischemic and nonischemic groups or between the anastomotic and nonanastomotic subgroups (P = 0.10). The major complication rate was 4%. The overall 1- and 3-year primary patency rates were 94% and 45%, respectively, and better results were found for patients with nonischemic stenoses versus patients with ischemic stenoses (P = 0.032). The overall secondary patency rates were 94% and 83% at 1 and 3 years, respectively, and there were no statistical differences between the ischemic and nonischemic groups or between the anastomotic and nonanastomotic groups. In the stent subgroup, the overall primary 1- and 2-year patency rates were 100% and 71%, respectively, and the secondary patency rates were 100% and 100%, respectively. In conclusion, a percutaneous approach is highly effective for the treatment of post-LT BSs, and the best results are obtained for patients with simple, nonischemic BSs (technical success rate = 94%, 3-year primary patency rate = 81%, 3-year secondary patency rate = 75%). For patients with ischemic BSs, closer follow-up and retreatment are more frequently needed to achieve secondary patency rates comparable to (or even better than) those for patients with nonischemic stenoses. Liver Transpl 18:177–187, 2012. © 2011 AASLD.

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