This practice guideline was approved by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases on August 4, 2012 and by the American Society of Transplantation on September 19, 2012. ‡
Potential conflicts of interest: Dr. Teperman is on the speakers' bureau for and received grants from Gilead. He is on the speakers' bureau for Vertex and advises VTF. Dr. Ojo advises Novartis and Sanofi. Dr. Lucey consults for Alkermes and received grants from Vertex, Abbot, and Gilead. Dr. Blumberg received grants from Viropharma and is on the data safety monitoring boards for Pfizer and Chimerix. Dr. Terrault consults for and received grants from Roche, Genentech, and Gilead. She also consults for Bristol Myers Squibb, Bitotest, Merck, and Siemens and received grants from Novartis, Eisai, and Vertex.