• 1
    Norman DJ. Allocation of livers for liver transplantation: ethics and politics. Clin Liver Dis 1997;1:281286.
  • 2
    Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. Resources. Accessed October 2012.
  • 3
    Bunzel B, Laederach-Hofmann K. Solid organ transplantation: are there predictors for posttransplant noncompliance? A literature overview. Transplantation 2000;70:711716.
  • 4
    Dobbels F, Vanhaecke J, Dupont L, Nevens F, Verleden G, Pirenne J, DeGeest S. Pretransplant predictors of posttransplant adherence and clinical outcome: an evidence base for pretransplant psychosocial screening. Transplantation 2009;87:14971504.
  • 5
    Edwards SS. The "noncompliant" transplant patient: a persistent ethical dilemma. J Transpl Coord 1999;9:202208.
  • 6
    Neuberger J, James O. Guidelines for selection of patients for liver transplantation in the era of donor-organ shortage. Lancet 1999;354:16361639.
  • 7
    Garcia CE, Garcia RF, Mayer AD, Neuberger J. Liver transplantation in patients over sixty years of age. Transplantation 2001;72:679684.
  • 8
    Herrero JI, Lucena JF, Quiroga J, Sangro B, Pardo F, Rotellar F, et al. Liver transplant recipients older than 60 years have lower survival and higher incidence of malignancy. Am J Transplant 2003;3:14071412.
  • 9
    Solid organ transplantation in the HIV-infected patient. Am J Transplant 2004;4(suppl 10):8388.
  • 10
    Roland ME, Lo B, Braff J, Stock PG. Key clinical, ethical, and policy issues in the evaluation of the safety and effectiveness of solid organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. Arch Intern Med 2003;163:17731778.
  • 11
    Charlton M. Obesity, hyperlipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. Liver Transpl 2009;15(suppl 2):S83S89.
  • 12
    Leonard J, Heimbach JK, Malinchoc M, Watt K, Charlton M. The impact of obesity on long-term outcomes in liver transplant recipients—results of the NIDDK liver transplant database. Am J Transplant 2008;8:667672.
  • 13
    Jowsey SG, Taylor ML, Schneekloth TD, Clark MM. Psychosocial challenges in transplantation. J Psychiatr Pract 2001;7:404414.
  • 14
    Forster J, Bartholome WG, Delcore R. Should a patient who attempted suicide receive a liver transplant? J Clin Ethics 1996;7:257267.
  • 15
    Surman OS. Psychiatric aspects of liver transplantation. Psychosomatics 1994;35:297307.
  • 16
    Kahn J. The ethics of organ transplantation for prisoners. Semin Dial 2003;16:365366.
  • 17
    Schneiderman LJ, Jecker NS. Should a criminal receive a heart transplant? Medical justice vs. societal justice. Theor Med 1996;17:3344.
  • 18
    McKneally MF, Sade RM. The prisoner dilemma: should convicted felons have the same access to heart transplantation as ordinary citizens? Opposing views. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003;125:451453.
  • 19
    Chaiffetz D, Dimartini AF, Venkataramanan R. Prolonged excretion half-life of 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-THC following cessation in a chronic, heavy marijuana user: implications for liver transplant assessment. Psychosomatics 2011;52:190193.
  • 20
    Lucey MR, Weinrieb RM. Alcohol and substance abuse. Semin Liver Dis 2009;29:6673.
  • 21
    Ranney DN, Acker WB, Al-Holou SN, Ehrlichman L, Lee DS, Lewin SA, et al. Marijuana use in potential liver transplant candidates. Am J Transplant 2009;9:280285.
  • 22
    Galante NZ, Dib GA, Medina-Pestana JO. Severe intellectual disability does not preclude renal transplantation. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2010;25:27532757.
  • 23
    Veatch RM. Transplants and mental disability: the meaning of discrimination. Ethics Intellect Disabil 2001;6:15.
  • 24
    Crippin JS. Kidney and liver transplantation in nonresident aliens: how open is the door? Transplantation 2007;84:15571558.
  • 25
    Perkins HS, McCullough LB. Organs for undocumented aliens? A transplantation dilemma. Camb Q Healthc Ethics 1995;4:229238.
  • 26
    Bramstedt KA. Supporting organ transplantation in non-resident aliens within limits. Ethics Med 2006;22:7581.
  • 27
    Volk ML, Biggins SW, Huang MA, Argo CK, Fontana RJ, Anspach RR. Decision making in liver transplant selection committees: a multicenter study. Ann Intern Med 2011;155:503508.
  • 28
    Kilner JF. Selecting patients when resources are limited: a study of US medical directors of kidney dialysis and transplantation facilities. Am J Public Health 1988;78:144147.
  • 29
    Levenson JL, Olbrisch ME. Psychosocial evaluation of organ transplant candidates. A comparative survey of process, criteria, and outcomes in heart, liver, and kidney transplantation. Psychosomatics 1993;34:314323.
  • 30
    Kroeker KI, Bain VG, Shaw-Stiffel T, Fong TL, Yoshida EM. Adult liver transplant survey: policies towards eligibility criteria in Canada and the United States 2007. Liver Int 2008;28:12501255.
  • 31
    Gordon EJ, Caicedo JC, Ladner DP, Reddy E, Abecassis MM. Transplant center provision of education and culturally and linguistically competent care: a national study. Am J Transplant 2010;10:27012707.
  • 32
    Dillman DA. Mail and Internet Surveys: The Tailored Design Method. 2nd ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons; 2000.
  • 33
    Kotlyar DS, Burke A, Campbell MS, Weinrieb RM. A critical review of candidacy for orthotopic liver transplantation in alcoholic liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol 2008;103:734743.
    Direct Link:
  • 34
    Krom RA. Liver transplantation and alcohol: who should get transplants? Hepatology 1994;20(pt 2):28S32S.
  • 35
    Lim JK, Keeffe EB. Liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease: current concepts and length of sobriety. Liver Transpl 2004;10(suppl 2):S31S38.
  • 36
    Neuberger J. Public and professional attitudes to transplanting alcoholic patients. Liver Transpl 2007;13(suppl 2):S65S68.
  • 37
    Abecassis MM, Burke R, Cosimi AB, Matas AJ, Merion RM, Millman D, et al.; for American Society of Transplant Surgeons. Transplant center regulations—a mixed blessing? An ASTS Council viewpoint. Am J Transplant 2008;8:24962502.
  • 38
    Lucey MR, Brown KA, Everson GT, Fung JJ, Gish R, Keeffe EB, et al. Minimal criteria for placement of adults on the liver transplant waiting list: a report of a national conference organized by the American Society of Transplant Physicians and the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Liver Transpl Surg 1997;3:628637.
    Direct Link:
  • 39
    Pfitzmann R, Schwenzer J, Rayes N, Seehofer D, Neuhaus R, Nüssler NC. Long-term survival and predictors of relapse after orthotopic liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease. Liver Transpl 2007;13:197205.
  • 40
    Tome S, Lucey MR. Timing of liver transplantation in alcoholic cirrhosis. J Hepatol 2003;39:302307.
  • 41
    Karim Z, Intaraprasong P, Scudamore CH, Erb SR, Soos JG, Cheung E, et al. Predictors of relapse to significant alcohol drinking after liver transplantation. Can J Gastroenterol 2010;24:245250.
  • 42
    De Gottardi A, Spahr L, Gelez P, Morard I, Mentha G, Guillaud O, et al. A simple score for predicting alcohol relapse after liver transplantation: results from 387 patients over 15 years. Arch Intern Med 2007;167:11831188.
  • 43
    DiMartini A, Day N, Dew MA, Javed L, Fitzgerald MG, Jain A, et al. Alcohol consumption patterns and predictors of use following liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease. Liver Transpl 2006;12:813820.
  • 44
    DiMartini A, Day N, Dew MA, Lane T, Fitzgerald MG, Magill J, Jain A. Alcohol use following liver transplantation: a comparison of follow-up methods. Psychosomatics 2001;42:5562.
  • 45
    Dimartini AF, Dew MA. Monitoring alcohol use on the liver transplant wait list: therapeutic and practical issues. Liver Transpl 2012;18:12671269.
  • 46
    Nair S, Cohen DB, Cohen MP, Tan H, Maley W, Thuluvath PJ. Postoperative morbidity, mortality, costs, and long-term survival in severely obese patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. Am J Gastroenterol 2001;96:842845.
    Direct Link:
  • 47
    Ragni MV, Belle SH, Im K, Fung J, Neff G, Roland M, et al. Liver transplantation in HIV-seropositive individuals. Ann Intern Med 2006;144:223.
  • 48
    Ragni MV, Belle SH, Im K, Neff G, Roland M, Stock P, et al. Survival of human immunodeficiency virus-infected liver transplant recipients. J Infect Dis 2003;188:14121420.
  • 49
    Tan-Tam CC, Frassetto LA, Stock PG. Liver and kidney transplantation in HIV-infected patients. AIDS Rev 2009;11:190204.
  • 50
    Gordon EJ, Prohaska TR, Gallant MP, Sehgal AR, Strogatz D, Conti D, Siminoff LA. Prevalence and determinants of physical activity and fluid intake in kidney transplant recipients. Clin Transplant 2010;24:E69E81.
  • 51
    Baer A, Saroiu S, Koutsky LA. Obtaining sensitive data through the Web: an example of design and methods. Epidemiology 2002;13:640645.