• 1
    Pegg DE, Jacobsen IA, Halasz NA, Society T. Organ Preservation: Basic and Applied Aspects. Lancaster, England: MTP Press; 1982.
  • 2
    't Hart NA, van der Plaats A, Leuvenink HG, Wiersema-Buist J, Olinga P, van Luyn MJ, et al. Initial blood washout during organ procurement determines liver injury and function after preservation and reperfusion. Am J Transplant 2004;4:1836-1844.
  • 3
    Tojimbara T, Wicomb WN, Garcia-Kennedy R, Burns W, Hayashi M, Collins G, Esquivel CO. Liver transplantation from non-heart beating donors in rats: influence of viscosity and temperature of initial flushing solutions on graft function. Liver Transpl Surg 1997;3:39-45.
  • 4
    Cereijo-Santalo R. Osmotic pressure and ATPase activity of rat liver mitochondria. Arch Biochem Biophys 1972;152:78-82.
  • 5
    Klöppel K, Gerlach J, Neuhaus P. Addition of an osmotic agent to liver preservative solutions in a model of in vitro preservation of hepatocytes [in German]. Langenbecks Arch Chir 1994;379:329-334.
  • 6
    Guarrera JV, Karim NA. Liver preservation: is there anything new yet? Curr Opin Organ Transplant 2008;13:148-154.
  • 7
    Feng L, Zhao N, Yao X, Sun X, Du L, Diao X, et al. Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution vs. University of Wisconsin solution for liver transplantation: a systematic review. Liver Transpl 2007;13:1125-1136.
  • 8
    Hessheimer AJ, Fondevila C, García-Valdecasas JC. Extracorporeal machine liver perfusion: are we warming up? Curr Opin Organ Transplant 2012;17:143-147.
  • 9
    Post IC, Dirkes MC, Heger M, Bezemer R, van 't Leven J, van Gulik TM. Optimal flow and pressure management in machine perfusion systems for organ preservation. Ann Biomed Eng 2012;40:2698-2707.
  • 10
    Zhao WY, Xiong HY, Yuan Q, Zeng L, Wang LM, Zhu YH. In vitro effects of polyethylene glycol in University of Wisconsin preservation solution on human red blood cell aggregation and hemorheology. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 2011;47:177-185.
  • 11
    Brodsky SV, Yamamoto T, Tada T, Kim B, Chen J, Kajiya F, Goligorsky MS. Endothelial dysfunction in ischemic acute renal failure: rescue by transplanted endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2002;282:F1140-F1149.
  • 12
    Bishop JJ, Nance PR, Popel AS, Intaglietta M, Johnson PC. Effect of erythrocyte aggregation on velocity profiles in venules. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2001;280:H222-H236.
  • 13
    Yamauchi JI, Richter S, Vollmar B, Menger MD, Minor T. Warm preflush with streptokinase improves microvascular procurement and tissue integrity in liver graft retrieval from non-heart-beating donors. Transplantation 2000;69:1780-1784.
  • 14
    Ong PK, Jain S, Namgung B, Woo YI, Kim S. Cell-free layer formation in small arterioles at pathological levels of erythrocyte aggregation. Microcirculation 2011;18:541-551.
  • 15
    Pirenne J, Van Gelder F, Coosemans W, Aerts R, Gunson B, Koshiba T, et al. Type of donor aortic preservation solution and not cold ischemia time is a major determinant of biliary strictures after liver transplantation. Liver Transpl 2001;7:540-545.
  • 16
    Tisone G, Vennarecci G, Baiocchi L, Negrini S, Palmieri GP, Angelico M, et al. Randomized study on in situ liver perfusion techniques: gravity perfusion vs high-pressure perfusion. Transplant Proc 1997;29:3460-3462.
  • 17
    Tokunaga Y, Ozaki N, Wakashiro S, Ikai I, Kimoto M, Morimoto T, et al. Effects of perfusion pressure during flushing on the viability of the procured liver using noninvasive fluorometry. Transplantation 1988;45:1031-1035.
  • 18
    Tan HP, Vyas D, Basu A, Randhawa P, Shah N, Donaldson J, et al. Cold heparinized lactated Ringers with procaine (HeLP) preservation fluid in 266 living donor kidney transplantations. Transplantation 2007;83:1134-1136.
  • 19
    Kawashima Y, Ohwada S, Sakata K, Ohya T, Tomizawa N, Takeyoshi I, Morishita Y. Effects of a phosphate buffered extracellular (Ep4) solution in preservation and reperfusion injury in the canine liver. Tohoku J Exp Med 1999;187:99-110.
  • 20
    Hascalik S, Celik O, Kekilli E, Elter K, Karakas HM, Aydin NE. Novel noninvasive detection method for endometriosis: research and development of scintigraphic survey on endometrial implants in rats. Fertil Steril 2008;90:209-213.
  • 21
    Bessems M, Doorschodt BM, van Marle J, Vreeling H, Meijer AJ, van Gulik TM. Improved machine perfusion preservation of the non-heart-beating donor rat liver using Polysol: a new machine perfusion preservation solution. Liver Transpl 2005;11:1379-1388.
  • 22
    Dewanjee MK. Binding of 99mTc ion to hemoglobin. J Nucl Med 1974;15:703-706.
  • 23
    Bessems M, 't Hart NA, Tolba R, Doorschodt BM, Leuvenink HG, Ploeg RJ, et al. The isolated perfused rat liver: standardization of a time-honoured model. Lab Anim 2006;40:236-246.
  • 24
    Mosbah IB, Franco-Gou R, Abdennebi HB, Hernandez R, Escolar G, Saidane D, et al. Effects of polyethylene glycol and hydroxyethyl starch in University of Wisconsin preservation solution on human red blood cell aggregation and viscosity. Transplant Proc 2006;38:1229-1235.
  • 25
    Dinant S, Roseboom HJ, Levi M, van Vliet AK, van Gulik TM. Hypothermic in situ perfusion of the porcine liver using Celsior or Ringer-lactate solution. Langenbecks Arch Surg 2009;394:143-150.
  • 26
    Levac B, Parlow JL, van Vlymen J, James P, Tuttle A, Shepherd L. Ringer's lactate is compatible with saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol preserved packed red blood cells for rapid transfusion. Can J Anaesth 2010;57:1071-1077.
  • 27
    Morariu AM, Vd Plaats A, V Oeveren W, 'T Hart NA, Leuvenink HG, Graaff R, et al. Hyperaggregating effect of hydroxyethyl starch components and University of Wisconsin solution on human red blood cells: a risk of impaired graft perfusion in organ procurement? Transplantation 2003;76:37-43.
  • 28
    Gómez G, Pikal MJ, Rodríguez-Hornedo N. Effect of initial buffer composition on pH changes during far-from-equilibrium freezing of sodium phosphate buffer solutions. Pharm Res 2001;18:90-97.
  • 29
    Bonventre JV, Cheung JY. Effects of metabolic acidosis on viability of cells exposed to anoxia. Am J Physiol 1985;249(pt 1):C149-C159.
  • 30
    Wood MJ, Hennigan DB. Radionuclide tagged red blood cells in the gallbladder. Clin Nucl Med 1984;9:289-290.
  • 31
    Brill DR. Gallbladder visualization during technetium-99m-labeled red cell scintigraphy for gastrointestinal bleeding. J Nucl Med 1985;26:1408-1411.
  • 32
    Kotlyarov EV, Mattay VS, Reba RC. Gallbladder visualization during technetium-99m RBC blood pool imaging. Case report and literature review. Clin Nucl Med 1988;13:515-516.
  • 33
    Sato S, Kuwajima A, Watanabe S, Nagamoto M, Taki S, Murakami S, Hamada M. Delayed visualization of gallbladder with in vivo labeled Tc-99m-red blood cell scintigraphy for gastrointestinal bleeding. Radiat Med 1988;6:159-161.
  • 34
    Abello R, Haynie TP, Kim EE. Pitfalls of a 99mTc-RBC bleeding study due to gallbladder and ileal-loop visualization. Gastrointest Radiol 1991;16:32-34.
  • 35
    Spiegel HU, Schleimer K, Kranz D, Oldhafer KJ. Organ preservation with EC, HTK, and UW solutions in orthotopic liver transplantation in syngeneic rats. Part I: functional parameters. J Invest Surg 1998;11:49-56.
  • 36
    Basile DP, Friedrich JL, Spahic J, Knipe N, Mang H, Leonard EC, et al. Impaired endothelial proliferation and mesenchymal transition contribute to vascular rarefaction following acute kidney injury. Am J Physiol Renal Phys 2011;300:F721-F733.
  • 37
    Kliche K, Jeggle P, Pavenstädt H, Oberleithner H. Role of cellular mechanics in the function and life span of vascular endothelium. Pflugers Arch 2011;462:209-217.
  • 38
    Bessems M, Doorschodt BM, Albers PS, Meijer AJ, van Gulik TM. Wash-out of the non-heart-beating donor liver: a matter of flush solution and temperature? Liver Int 2006;26:880-888.
  • 39
    Thuillier R, Giraud S, Favreau F, Goujon JM, Desurmont T, Eugene M, et al. Improving long-term outcome in allograft transplantation: role of ionic composition and polyethylene glycol. Transplantation 2011;91:605-614.
  • 40
    Hughes JD, Chen C, Mattar SG, Someren A, Noe B, Suwyn CR, Lumsden AB. Normothermic renal artery perfusion: a comparison of perfusates. Ann Vasc Surg 1996;10:123-130.
  • 41
    Gastaca M. Biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation: a review of incidence and risk factors. Transplant Proc 2012;44:1545-1549.
  • 42
    Treckmann J, Moers C, Smits JM, Gallinat A, Jochmans I, Squifflet JP, et al. Machine perfusion in clinical trials: "machine vs. solution effects". Transpl Int 2012;25:e69-e70.
  • 43
    Wilson CH, Wyrley-Birch H, Vijayanand D, Leea A, Carter NM, Haswell M, et al. The influence of perfusion solution on renal graft viability assessment. Transplant Res 2012;1:18.