Summary: Graft copolymers were designed that self-assemble into hydrogels mediated by the interaction of coiled-coil peptide domains. A linear hydrophilic polymer of HPMA was chosen as the backbone, and coiled-coil forming peptides, covalently attached to the backbone, formed the grafts. Microrheology was used to evaluate the self-assembly of graft copolymers into hydrogels. The results revealed that the length and the number of coiled-coil grafts per chain had a significant influence on the gelation process. At least 4 heptads were needed to achieve the association of graft copolymers into hydrogels. CD spectra of the copolymer containing 5 heptad grafts further suggested that coiled-coil formation may contribute to the self-assembly. Gelation of graft copolymers containing CC4 peptides indicated that a threshold amount of grafts per macromolecule is needed to form a three-dimensional structure. These studies demonstrated a potential of the graft copolymers to create self-assembling hydrogels with desirable and controllable structures.