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Keywords:

  • contrast agents;
  • drug delivery;
  • HPMA copolymers;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • relaxivity;
  • water-soluble polymer

Abstract

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This study describes the synthesis, characterization, and in vitro evaluation of N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer–gadolinium (Gd)–doxorubicin (Dox) conjugates. Copolymers of HPMA were derivatized to incorporate side chains for Gd chelation and Dox conjugation. The conjugates were characterized by their side chain contents, T1 relaxivity (r1), stability, and in vitro cytotoxicity. High stability and relaxivity of these conjugates coupled with low toxicity show their potential for monitoring the in vivo fate of HPMA-based drug delivery systems by magnetic resonance imaging techniques.