New nonfouling tubes are developed and their influence on the adhesion of neuroproteins is studied. The biomarkers are considered as single components (recombinant prion and Tau proteins) or in a solution of native and pathological forms. The samples are stored for 24 h at 4 °C in virgin and treated tubes layered with two different nanostructured coatings based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) with either a positive or a neutral charge, and the protein adhesion is monitored. The recombinant protein with a high pI is repelled from the nanostructured surface that has a negative ζ potential, whereas the recombinant protein with the lower pI is attracted. Furthermore, in the case of complex solutions, neutral nanostructured surfaces are able to retain all amyloid biomarkers.