In tissue engineering, fabrication of 3D scaffolds with well-defined, inter-connected pores followed by culture of mammalian cells is a typical approach. In practice, however, hydrophobicity of scaffold surfaces is not suitable for cells to be adhered because of poor wettability. Especially, infiltration followed by adhesion of cells inside hydrophobic scaffolds remains as a challenge. Thus, hydrophilic conversions of the surfaces regardless of surface location are critical for success. Herein, a method to enhance infiltration and adhesion of preosteoblasts inside hydrophobic poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds by a bio-inspired, hydroxyapatite formation is demonstrated. The approach can be a general method for controlling hydrophilicity of inner surfaces of scaffolds.