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Keywords:

  • 410-stainless steel;
  • acid solution corrosion;
  • galvanic anodic protection;
  • polypyrrole

Abstract

Galvanic anodic protection (GAP) of stainless steels by doped polypyrrole (PPy) was investigated using chemically synthesized PPy. Separate PPy powder-pressed electrodes with different surface areas were prepared. Electrochemical properties of PPy electrodes were studied by open circuit potentials (OCPs) and potentiostatic polarization. PPy powder-pressed electrodes were coupled with 410-stainless steel electrodes in different concentrations of sulfuric acid solutions, 5 M phosphoric acid solution, and industrial phosphoric acid solution (5 M phosphoric acid + 0.05% chloride ion). Remarkable shift of OCP to the positive direction and sharp decrease of corrosion rate were observed during the coupling experiments, which implies that 410-stainless steel was transferred to passive state. Results also showed that PPy electrode with sufficient surface area can provide corrosion protection to 410-stainless steel electrode in highly corrosive acid solution. Based on the experiment results, GAP provided by PPy and PANi (synthesized under similar conditions) was compared.