The electrochemical and tribocorrosion behaviors of Ti–6Al–4V, 316 stainless steel and Monel K500 alloys sliding against Al2O3 in artificial seawater are investigated in this paper. It can be observed that the open circuit potential drops down to more negative values due to the removal of passive film. And a rapid dissolution occurs in the wear track compared with the unworn area. The wear loss polarized in cathodic potential is lower than that in anodic potential and open circuit potential conditions, because the material deterioration is enhanced by corrosive attack. The wear volumes of 316 stainless steel are much higher than the ones measured for Ti–6Al–4V and Monel K500 alloys. Friction coefficients are significant large in cathodic polarization compared with anodic polarization for all alloys. Moreover, the 316 stainless steel exhibits large friction coefficients compared with Ti–6Al–4V and Monel K500 alloys.