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Keywords:

  • amorphous structures;
  • corrosion resistance;
  • electrochemical measurements;
  • metallic coatings;
  • porosity;
  • spraying parameters

Abstract

A FeCrMoMnWBCSi amorphous metallic coating was prepared by using high-velocity oxy-fuel spray. The influence of processing parameters on microstructure, porosity level, amorphous phase fraction and corrosion behaviour of the coatings was characterised by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimeter and electrochemical methods. The results indicated that the microstructures of the coatings were sensitive to the spray parameters considerably. Porosity and unmelted particle proportion decreased with the oxygen/fuel (O/F) ratio and increased with the powder feed rate. The trend of oxides content was opposite to the porosity and unmelted particle proportion. The coatings obtained with higher O/F ratio and lower powder feed rate exhibited higher hardness. The low coating hardness was mainly due to the high porosity especially when the porosity was higher than 1.21%. The spraying parameters strongly affected the amorphous phase fraction. There was a critical passive current density for balancing the porosity and the amorphous phase fraction. Corrosion resistance is dominant by the amorphous phase fraction when the porosity is less than 1.21%, while by porosity when it is higher than that. Open-circuit potential, potentiodynamic polarisation and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results showed that the coatings obtained with the O/F ratio of 4.2 and the powder feed rate of 40 g/min exhibiting the best corrosion resistance in 1 wt% sodium chloride solution.