Durability properties of concrete with blended cements

Authors

  • D. Bjegovic,

    1. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Materials, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Kaciceva 26 (Croatia)
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  • N. Stirmer,

    Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Materials, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Kaciceva 26 (Croatia)
    • Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Materials, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Kaciceva 26 (Croatia)
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  • M. Serdar

    1. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Materials, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Kaciceva 26 (Croatia)
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  • Dedicated to Professor Dr. Bernhard Elsener on the occasion of his 60th birthday.

Abstract

The study of chloride-induced corrosion started more than three decades ago, after extensive cases of damage were observed on reinforced concrete structures in coastal regions and on infrastructural objects exposed to salt action. Nowadays, the basis for sustainable concrete industry lies in these three aspects: reducing CO2 emissions by using by-products of other industries (slag, fly ash, silica fume) for cement production, conservation of natural resources by replacing part of the aggregate with recycled construction waste, as well as use of recycled water in concrete production, and finally, construction of durable concrete structures. Durability design procedures for reinforced concrete structures in aggressive environments are still to a large extent empirical, especially in the case of using blended cements. The type of cement has a considerable effect on the properties of concrete, especially concrete resistance to the penetration of chloride ions. The paper presents results of testing durability and deformational properties of concrete produced with quaternary-blended cement. A clearer insight into these properties is a necessary starting point for the performance-based design of concrete prepared with blended cements, leading to more durable and corrosion-free concrete structures in aggressive environments.

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