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Effect of hydroxyapatite coating fabricated by electrophoretic deposition method on corrosion behavior and nickel release of NiTi shape memory alloy



Natural hydroxyapatite (HA) was coated on NiTi alloy using electrophoretic deposition method to improve the corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. Coating process was performed at 120 s in various applied voltages of 40, 60, and 80 V. Sintering process was done at 800 °C under inert gas for 2 h. Electrochemical behavior of the coated samples was investigated in simulated body fluid by using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and polarization tests. Furthermore, the nickel ions release from NiTi and HA coated-NiTi samples were analyzed by atomic absorption analysis. Ultimately, scanning electron microscopy micrographs and X-ray diffraction patterns were used to evaluate the morphology and phase analysis of HA coatings. The results show that the sample coated at 60 V reveals a uniform, dense coating accompanied with a higher corrosion resistance. Moreover, after 4 weeks, nickel ions release was reduced to 0.205 µg/cm2 for coated sample at 60 V.