The galvanic corrosion behaviors of NiC filled conductive silicon rubber (CSR) with different resistivity coupled to magnesium alloys were investigated in 3.5% sodium chloride solution at different temperatures. Such investigations were carried out by means of electrochemical measurement, weight-loss determination, and surface characterization. The results indicated that the changes of CSRs' resistivity and the temperature of the electrolyte would affect the Tafel slope, cathodic corrosion current, and linear polarization resistance of the cathodic branch of the polarization curve. The lower the resistivity, the larger the average galvanic corrosion current density and the average galvanic corrosion rate of Mg alloys at the same temperature. The corrosion morphology revealed that the greater the corrosion current density, the more serious the corrosion on the surface of Mg alloys.