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Surface characterisation and electrochemical stability of anodised new alloy in simulated physiological electrolytes



In this paper, we applied the potentiostatic anodisation method on the new Ti–20Nb–10Zr–5Ta alloy surface with the aim to increase its stability and bioactivity. The morphology (SEM) and composition (Raman, FT-IR) of the obtained anodisation nanolayer are studied. Also, electrochemical stability (by cyclic potentiodynamic polarisation and EIS), corrosion resistance (by linear polarisation), long-term behaviour (by monitoring of the open circuit potentials and corresponding open circuit potential gradients) and the characterisation of the layers deposited on the alloy surface after 1000 h in acid, neutral and alkaline Ringer and neutral Ringer–Brown solutions are presented. By potentiostatic anodisation, on the alloy surface was electrodeposited a continuous nanolayer containing TiO2 rutile type oxide. The anodised layer possesses better protective properties and at the same time better porosity, therefore a higher stability and bioactivity in comparison with the native passive film. After 1000 h in the testing solutions promoted the deposition of the brushite, phosphatotitanate and hydroxyapatite, precursors, respectively component of the human bone, namely this layer is bioactive.