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Environmental efficacy rewarded with the 2012 Swedish Steel Prize

This year, the Swedish Steel Prize has been awarded to A-Ward Attachments Ltd. of New Zealand. The company has designed a flexible system using high-strength steel which compresses and packs metallic scrap in containers.

The aim of the Swedish Steel Prize is to inspire and disseminate knowledge about high strength steels and the possibilities to develop lighter, stronger and more sustainable products.

From an environmental perspective, the recycling, management and transportation of metallic scrap is very important. A-Ward has worked for two years to perfect the design of a scrap loader which improves the management and transportation of scrap. The loader is manufactured from SSAB's Hardox wear plate.

The scrap is loaded directly onto the containers, which saves both costs and time. Moreover, horizontal loading reduces the risk of damage to the containers. The environmental impact is reduced because the scrap containers need not be specially manufactured and ordinary container transportation can be used. The scrap loader will be sold worldwide to companies in the recycling and waste management sector.

“We are pleased to announce our first winner from New Zealand. A-Ward demonstrates the advantages of high strength steel with an innovative and well-planned solution. Productivity and service life have been improved significantly and their products contribute to a more sustainable society,” says K.G. Ramström, chairman of the jury and SSAB's Chief Technical Officer.

“I would like to thank SSAB for putting on such an amazing global event like the Swedish Steel Prize. After spending the last couple of days at SSAB, I must say that my expert team just got a lot bigger. The innovative A-ward Mi-Slide product may come from one of my crazy ideas, but to turn it into reality, I have surrounded myself with a team of experts. Apart from the feeling of watching your brand new product work for the first time, also winning this prestigious award means a great deal to me,” says Simon Ward, Managing Director A-Ward Attachments.

Other nominated companies have been awarded the second prize in the 2012 Swedish Steel Prize. These companies are Gremo (Sweden) and Borcad CZ s.r.o (Czech Republic).

For more information, please contact: SSAB, Ulrika Lilja, Director, External Communications +46 72 209 3154, info@ssab. com,


Organic photovoltaics on steel: ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe and Solliance researching applications for the new generation of solar cells

ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe and Solliance are counting on a highly promising form of power generation: organic photovoltaics (OPV). OPVs are flexible solar cells made of light-active plastics and can be manufactured by cost-effective processes suitable for large-scale production. They may be less efficient than previous rigid solar cells based on silicon but they offer the potential to be made in large quantities at low cost and with reduced resource use. They therefore offer advantages when used on large surfaces, for example on roofs and facades of industrial buildings, where panels made of organic coated steel are typically used. To further develop this innovative technology, new processes are to be investigated to incorporate OPVs into flat steel products for use in the construction industry. This is the reason why ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe, one of the leading suppliers of coated flat steel products, is joining the Solliance research program on organic photovoltaics.

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The growing trend in the construction industry is to reduce the amount of energy used by buildings over their lifetime. The aim is to create energy-neutral and energy self-sufficient buildings. One way is to integrate renewable energy generating technologies such as solar cells into the building envelope. In contrast to PV systems fitted to a building afterwards, building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) completely merges the building and the power generating functions. The aim is to equip the steel strip from which the panels are made with the OPV functionality during production.

Integrating OPV into flat steel products brings clear benefits over previous thin film solar cells and could accelerate the trend towards market-ready products. OPV is aesthetically pleasing, design-friendly and will encourage designers and building owners to adopt low-energy buildings. Integrated OPV could be used on both roofs and facades, giving a much larger generating area and increasing the amount of eco-friendly electricity produced.

One step in the production of steel panels is coil coating, in which flat steel strip is coated with paint, film or a paint/film combination in a continuous process. “We are a leading supplier of coated steel products for construction and at the forefront of efforts to make the steel and construction industries more sustainable. Integrating OPV technology into our roll-to-roll coating processes could help us bring extra value to our construction customers and at the same time make a contribution to active climate protection,” says Dr. Bettina Werner, responsible for developing coatings for flat steel products in the Color division of ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe. “The shared research carried out at Solliance covers the entire value chain, bringing together multiple partners with different focuses to speed the development of a standard integrated PV solution.”

“We are proud to welcome ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe to the Solliance ecosystem. Having such a world-renowned steel manufacturer onboard highlights the strong market pull for OPVs and helps us focus our research on the needs of end users. This is a key step in our ongoing roadmap to develop high-efficiency, low-cost and highly stable OPV modules for a wide range of applications,” said Ronn Andriessen, OPV Program Manager at Solliance.

For more information, please contact: ThyssenKrupp AG, Corporate Communications, Erik Walner, Tel.: +49 203 52 45130; Fax: +49 203 52 25707, erik.walner@ www.thyssenkrupp-steel-



Fatigue of Materials and Structures: Application to Damage and Design, Claude Bathias and André Pineau, 512 pages, Iste Ltd and John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011, 145 USD, ISBN 978-1-84821-267-1

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The second part of the series of books Fatigue of Materials and Structures edited by Claude Bathias, Emeritus Professor at the University of Paris 10-La Defense and André Pineau from Mines ParisTech is devoted to the design of mechanical structures and components based on fatigue behavior of their construction materials. This book represents therefore the ideal complement to the first book focused on the fundamentals of fatigue behavior of materials and structures. Divided in six chapters written by recognized researchers in the field, this book constitutes also a valuable tool for everyone designing engineering applications where fatigue properties of materials necessary have to be considered.

The first chapter, written by Stephen D. Antolovich and André Pineau, deals with high temperature fatigue. The effect of temperature on fatigue behavior of martensitic and austenitic stainless steels used in the power generation industry, as well as on superalloys mainly Ni-base alloys typically used in gas turbines in the jet engine industry is discussed. In addition, an overview on lifespan prediction in high temperature fatigue is included. Devoted to fatigue live prediction of mechanical engineering components subjected to fluctuating load histories; the second chapter written by Gregory Glinkas introduces, on the other hand, methods based on the analysis of elasto-plastic strains and stresses near notches subjected to monotonic and cyclic multiaxial loading paths.

Moving away from metallic materials, the third and fourth chapters discuss in detail fatigue behavior of composite materials and polymers respectively. Claude Bathias explains there the differences between the fatigue damage of composites and metals. He also reviews the notch effect on fatigue strength, fatigue behavior after impact, and damage criteria of composite materials. Additionally, some insights into crack propagation and damaging mechanisms of polymers are given. The specific case of fatigue of elastomers cracks propagation mechanisms in natural rubber as well as other mechanisms of failure of rubbers such as multiaxial fatigue and cavitation are discussed.

Brunos Sudret reviews in a new chapter, particularly interesting for designers and practicing engineers, the probabilistic design of structures submitted to fatigue. Topics like the treatment of hazard in mechanical models, the plotting probabilistic S-N curves, the probabilistic design with respect to crack initiation and different probabilistic propagation methods are included. The last chapter by Jean Lemaitreis is finally devoted to the prediction of fatigue crack growth within structures. The crack growth laws, the calculation of cracking variables, and the resolution method of the cracking equations but also the prediction limitations and new approaches are discussed.


Helmuth Sarmiento-Klapper

Stainless Steels: An Introduction and Their Recent Developments, edited by Joseph Ki Leuk Lai, Kin Ho Lo, Chan Hung Shek, 173 pages, 70 figures, 12 tables, Bentham Books, 2012, 79 US$, eISBN: 978-1-60805-305-6

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This work is supposed to fill the gap and report the latest publications on discoveries and developments on stainless steels within the past 15 years. Besides recent developments, the historical backgrounds of some of the topics covered in this e-book are included.

The first chapter gives a general introduction to stainless steels by an overview on the various types of stainless steels and their general classification based on microstructures. The history of the discovery of ‘stainlessness’ and the status quo of stainless steels production in several major economies are touched briefly.

Within the next chapter on ferritic stainless steels a brief introduction to the compositions and uses of the various grades of steels in the ferritic class is given. New techniques for grain refinement of the ferritic class are presented. The main problems plaguing the ferritic class, i.e., 475 °C-embrittlement, formation of sigma phase and sensitization, are discussed. Various theories proposed for the causes of these problems, together with the old and new methods for their alleviation/elimination, are presented in detail.

A chapter on austenitic stainless steels covers the phenomena of deformation-induced transformation and sensitization. The underlying mechanisms, together with the factors affecting and methods for detecting them, are discussed in detail.

Martensitic stainless steels are discussed by the purposes of and the changes in properties associated with typical heat treatments, together with their underlying mechanisms. Recent results on the effects of heat-treatment parameters and a recently-developed tempering map for martensitic stainless steel and a new constitution diagram for ferritic-martensitic weld metals are also presented.

The 5th chapter is devoted to duplex stainless steels (ordinary, lean, superduplex and hyperduplex), their applications and compositions of the commonly used grades, typical microstructures and methods for phase prediction via different constitution diagrams. The precipitate phases that may form and their implications on mechanical/corrosion properties are presented especially in terms of superplasticity. Both the conventional method and a new one for producing the microduplex structure are introduced.

A special chapter focuses on precipitation-hardening stainless steels. The different heat treatments, together with their effects on properties that are commonly used for attaining precipitation strengthening followed by recent developments in the understanding of the precipitation sequences and the precipitates are presented.

Ni-free stainless steels and those containing raised levels of manganese are covered by the next chapter. The problems associated with nickel and the reasons for developing low-Ni/Ni-free stainless steels using nitrogen and manganese are introduced, considering recently developed methods for introducing very high levels of nitrogen to stainless steels and the effects of nitrogen on mechanical and corrosion properties. Although high-N stainless steels typically contain low/no Ni, this chapter also discusses briefly high-N, high-Ni grades, whose production has been suggested rather recently.

Chapter 8 gives an overview of the various precipitate phases that can form in the different classes of stainless steels. Besides the phases that are well-studied, a newly discovered phase, called the “J phase”, is also introduced. The conditions in which the different phases will form, the problems they cause, the methods for alleviating these problems, and the new methods for the detection of the various phases are presented.

One chapter is dedicated to problems in stainless steels, recent advances and discoveries. Problems covered in this chapter are: hydrogen embrittlement, sensitization, metal dusting, pitting corrosion, microbiologically-induced corrosion, high-temperature oxidation, stress-corrosion cracking, fatigue, creep, and dynamic strain ageing.

The 10th chapter attempts to cover novel and new applications for temperature sensing and magnetic drug targeting, followed by a separate chapter on improvement of bulk and surface properties like grain refinement, whereas some rely on a phase transformation, and one on aesthetic treatments like coloration.

The last chapter is devoted to the production and use of parts made by powder metallurgy.

Summarizing it can be said that this e-book provides an introduction and a well-structured, substantial overview on the main properties of stainless steels. The comprehensive bibliography at the end of each chapter helps the reader to find the sources and to judge the completeness of the content. This book serves those interested in the research as well as production aspects. It supports a post-graduate course on stainless steels, and is easily downloadable from


Ralph Bäßler


2nd International Conference on Materials for Energy (EnMat II)

May 12 – 16, 2013, Karlsruhe (Germany)

Energy, its transformation, transportation and use are defining aspects of modern-day societies. However, energy is only given a structure and made applicable by materials. Materials are the key component in any strategy facing today's challenges of transforming our energy needs towards a more sustainable and more secure future. Materials are the key-enablers, from the composite lightweight material of a wind turbine rotor to nanostructured electrodes for batteries, from thermal barrier coated turbine blades to organic photovoltaics. Materials define the way energy is transformed and used. The second conference will bring together a multi-disciplinary group of internationally recognized researchers and scholars. It will give you an unique opportunity to make contacts for collaboration or commercial exploitation in materials for energy applications and will give you an excellent overview of recent developments in the areas of energy conversion, energy storage, transport, efficiency and fundamental aspects.

For more information, please contact: DECHEMA Gesellschaft für Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e.V., Conference Office, Claudia Martz, Theodor-Heuss-Allee 25, 60486 Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Tel.: +49 69 7564-12, martz@,


EURO BioMAT 2013

April 23–24, 2013, Weimar (Germany)

Based on the huge success of the first Euro BioMAT in Jena in 2011, this international conference will be held now every two years in the Jena-Weimar Region. In 2013 beautiful Weimar with its rich cultural heritage and classical sites will be the location of the upcoming Euro BioMat.

The symposium Euro BioMAT 2013 addresses the growing interest of science and industry in the different aspects of the creation, characterization, testing and application of biomaterials and closely related areas. The motivation is not only the recent scientific progress and new challenges of this exciting, strongly interdisciplinary field of science and engineering but also that engineers, materials scientists, physicists, chemists, biologists in industrial R&D as well as medical professionals are increasingly facing situations where materials are confronted with high performance requirements and a challenging biological environment at the same time.

Much of the growth in the area of biomaterials emerged in the USA or Asia over the last years but Europe is gaining ground with a fast and steady growth in this field. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde (DGM) and its panel of experts (Fachausschuss) in biomaterials ad-dress these developments with the European symposium Euro BioMAT 2013 in Weimar, Germany. Euro BioMAT 2013 will present and discuss the current state of progress in development, characterization, application, testing and modelling of biomaterials in basic science and industry. In addition, this symposium will bring together experts in closely related areas, such as biomimetics, biomineralization and biopolymers.

The organizers at DGM feel a need to serve the European biomaterials community beyond the other European and world biomaterials congresses with a compact two-day meeting which brings together fascinating science and stimulating people in a delightful setting in historic Weimar in the very heart of Europe.

The organizers look forward to receiving many contributions to the Euro BioMAT 2013.

For more information, please contact: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde e.V. – DGM, Senckenberganlage 10, D-60325 Frankfurt, Germany, Tel.: +49 69 75306-747, Fax: +49 69 75306-733,,


13th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry Advances in Electrochemical Materials Science and Manufacturing

April 7 – 10, 2013, Pretoria (South Africa)

This meeting will provide an international forum for discussion and debates on the application of electrochemistry in advancing modern materials science and manufacturing.

Topics will include device fabrication and testing, on both large and small scales, including thin films and nanostructures, semiconductors, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), displays, data storage systems, micro-reactors, magnetics and microelectronics, photovoltaics, electrochemical sensors, catalytic systems, and energy storage and conversion systems.

Training Workshop

Practical Electrochemical Sensors with Relevance to Africa

Thursday, 11 April 2013

This workshop is targeted at scientists engaged in activities or research seeking to translate electrochemical sensors research into commercial sensor tools.

Topics which will be covered include promising, low-cost methods for electrochemical sensor fabrication, the challenges, scope and also opportunities for commercialisation of such sensor technology. Particular emphasis will be placed on sensors of relevance to Africa's healthcare sector.

For more information, please contact: International Society of Electrochemistry, Kenneth Ozoemena,,


Calendar of Events

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inline image Conference/Workshop/Symposium

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February 2013  
inline image 17. – 21.2. inline image Ein Gedi (Israel)7th Workshop on Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Related Techniques lInstitute of Chemistry The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Israel Daniel Mandler
28.2. – 3.3. inline image Chennai (India)ICorrPS 2013 NACE Gateway India Section
March 2013  
10. – 13.3. inline image Perth (Australia)1st Australasian International Welding, Inspection and NDT Conference (iWIN2013) Australian Institute for Non-Destructive Testing (AINDT)
13. – 14.3. inline image Shanghai (China)Nuclear Exchange 2013 KCI (Knowledge Communication Information)
17. – 21.3. inline image Bochum (Germany)12th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry & XXII International Symposium on Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics of the Bioelectrochemical Society International Society of Electrochemistry Lausanne Switzerland
17. – 21.3. inline image Orlando (USA) inline imageCORROSION 2013NACE International
inline image 19. – 22.3. inline image São Paulo (Brazil)CeMAT SOUTH AMERICA 2013Hannover Fairs Sulamérica Ltda. Curitiba - PR Brazil
19. – 21.3. inline image Lulea (Sweden)ITS 2013 3rd International Tribology SymposiumDivision of Machine Elements Lulea University of Technology Lulea Sweden
22. – 23.3. inline image Tamilnadu (India)ICAMM 2013Department of Mechanical Engineering Cape Institute of Technology Tamilnadu India
inline image 26. – 28.3. inline image Moscow (Russia)12th International Exhibition for Non-Destructive Testing and Technical Diagnostics - NDT RUSSIARussian Society for Non-destructive Testing
April 2013  
7. – 10.4. inline image Pretoria (South Africa)13th Topical Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry “Advances in Electrochemical Materials Science and Manufacturing”International Society of Electrochemistry Lausanne Switzerland
8. – 12.4. inline image Hannover (Germany) inline imageHannover MesseDeutsche Messe AG Communications Hannover Germany
16. – 18.4. inline image Karlsruhe (Germany)5th Conference on Fundamentals and Developments of Fuel CellsEuropean Institute for Energy Research (EIFER) Karlsruhe Germany
inline image 23. – 24.4. inline image Weimar (Germany)Euro BioMat 2013 – European Symposium on Biomaterials and Related AreasDeutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde e.V. – DGM Frankfurt Germany
22. – 24.4. inline image Tel-Aviv (Israel)International Federation for Structural Concrete fib-SymposiumORTRA LTD. Tel-Aviv Israel
24. – 27.4. inline image Emmetten (Switzerland)AETOC 2013 International Workshop “Application of Electrochemical Techniques to Organic Coatings”Sika Technology AG Dr. Jörg A. Vogelsang Zurich Switzerland
inline image 30.4 – 1.5. inline image Boston, MA (USA)Next Generation Batteries – Lithium & BeyondThe Knowledge Foundation Boston, MA USA
May 2013  
5. – 10.5. inline image Sydney (Australia)5th International Conference on Recrystallization and Grain GrowthConference Secretariat ICMS Australasia Sydney Australia
6. – 8.5. inline image Rotterdam (The Netherlands)IABSE 2013 Spring ConferenceIABSE Dick Stoelhorst Bergambacht Nederland
12. – 16.5. inline image Karlsruhe (Germany)2nd International Conference on Materials for EnergyCongress Office Claudia Martz DECHEMA e.V. Frankfurt am Main Germany
12. – 17.5. inline image Toronto (Canada)223rd ECS MeetingThe Electrochemical Society Pennington, New Jersey USA
14. – 18.5. inline image Milano (Italy)8th World Congress Aluminium Two ThousandInterall Srl
inline image 15. – 17.5. inline image Bordeaux (France)The nanoscale and electroanalysis: surface nanostructuration, nanobiological systems, coupled methods, microsystemsElecnano Alexander Kuhn
June 2013  
3. – 7.6. inline image Udine (Italy)Identification Methods for Structural Health Monitoring and Residual Lifecycle AssessmentCISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences Udine Italy
inline image 6. – 9.6. inline image Istanbul (Turkey)Surface Treatment EURASIAHannover Messe Bilesim Fuarcilik A.S. Istanbul Turkey
inline image 16. – 21.6. inline image Okinawa (Japan)9th International Symposium on Electrochemical Impedance SpectroscopyTokyo University of Science, General secretary of EIS 2013 Japan Masayuki Itagaki
18. – 20.6. inline image Washington (USA)Risk Management of Corrodible SystemsNACE International Houston USA CaLae McDermott
inline image 30.6. – 3.7. inline image Chateau Liblice (Czech Republic)13th International Conference on Electrified InterfacesJ. Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the ASCR Petr Krtil Prague Czech Republic∼icei/
Juli 2013  
inline image 12. – 15.7. inline image Napa Valley, CA (USA)Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Conference 2013Zing Conferences Cambridge England Bruno Pollet
August 2013  
19. – 21.8. inline image Kyoto (Japan)3rd International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technology (SCMT2013)Japan Concrete Institute Kyoto Japan Mr. Inoue
September 2013  
1. – 5.9. inline image Estoril (Portugal)EUROCORR 2013Instituto Superior Técnico Lisboa Portugal
3. – 5.9. inline image Bremen (Germany)LightMAT2013– Aluminium, Magnesium, TitaniumDeutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde e.V. Frankfurt Germany
4. – 6.9. inline image York (UK)12th International Triennial Conference on The Science and Technology of Adhesion and AdhesivesDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London Professor A. J. Kinloch London UK
8. – 13.9. inline image Santiago de Querétaro (Mexico)64th Annual Meeting of the ISEInternational Society of Electrochemistry Lausanne Switzerland
inline image 16. – 19.9. inline image Queretaro (Mexico)New Processes and Materials Based on Electrochemical Concepts at the Microscopic LevelInternational Society of Electrochemistry Lausanne Switzerland Carlos Frontana
16. – 19.9. inline image Cracow (Poland)6th Kurt Schwabe Symposium “Surface analysis and material engineering in corrosion science and electrochemical technologies”Dept. of Chemistry & Corrosion of Metals AGH-University of Science & Technology Prof. Jack Banas Cracow Poland∼schwabe
inline image 19. – 20.9. inline image Herrsching (Germany)6th utg - Forming Technology Forum 2013Deutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde e.V. – DGM Frankfurt Germany
25. – 27.9. inline image Kiel (Germany)Intelligent MaterialsDeutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde e.V. – DGM Frankfurt Germany
inline image 30.9. – 4.10. inline image Kloster Banz (Germany)Conference Intermetallics 2013Deutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde (DGM) Dr.-Ing. Frank O.R. Fischer Frankfurt am Main Germany
30.9. – 4.10. inline image Udine (Italy)Failure and Damage Analysis of Advanced MaterialsCISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences Udine Italy
November 2013  
4. – 7.11. inline image Chongqing (China)8th International Conference on High-Performance CeramicsDr. Jianghong Gong Secretary General, CICC-8 Department of Materials Science & Engineering Tsinghua University Beijing P.R. China
inline image 12. – 13.11. inline image Chemnitz (Germany)International Symposium on Electrochemical Machining TechnologyFraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU Matthias Hackert-Oschätzchen Chemnitz Germany
September 2014  
8. – 12.9. inline image Pisa (Italy)EUROCORR 2014European Federation of Corrosion c/o DECHEMA e.V. Frankfurt am Main Germany e-mail:
23. – 25.9. inline image Darmstadt (Germany)MSE 2014 - Materials Science and EngineeringDeutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde e.V. – DGM Frankfurt Germany
November 2014  
2. – 6.11. inline image Jeju (Korea)19th International Corrosion CongressThe Corrosion Science Society of Korea
September 2015  
6. – 10.9. inline image Graz (Austria)EUROCORR 2015European Federation of Corrosion c/o DECHEMA e.V. Frankfurt am Main Germany e-mail:
October 2015  
inline image 4. – 9.10. inline image Taipei (Taiwan)66th Annual Meeting of the International Society of ElectrochemistryInternational Society of Electrochemistry Bing Joe Hwang