The present article briefly reviews research developments in the area of biomacromolecules and bio-related macromolecules, whose research papers have been published for several decades preferably in the Macromolecular Journals. The area covers the important classes of macromolecules, polysaccharides (cellulose, amylose, chitin, etc.), polyesters (poly(lactic acid), poly(hydroxyalkanoate)s, etc.), and phenolic polymers (lignin, urushi, etc.). These polymers and their derivatives are very important for scientific interests as well as for industrial applications. Their synthesis, structure, reactions, and properties are mainly mentioned, and important topics of the target polymers are selected and mostly chronologically reviewed.