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Keywords:

  • ADMET;
  • carbosilane;
  • carbosiloxane;
  • elastomers;
  • metathesis

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

“Latent reactive” silicon elastomer.

Summary: Latent reactivity has been employed to create processable elastomers constructed of carbosilane and either carbosiloxane or polyether segments. Two types of latent modes have been introduced: “chain-internal” and “chain-end” sites through the use of labile silicon methoxy and trifunctional olefinic functionalities. These latent reactive sites remain inert during formation of the linear copolymer; subsequent exposure to moisture triggers hydrolysis of the methoxy group and formation of a chemically crosslinked thermoset. These “chain-end” sites limit the formation of dangling chains improving the overall mechanical properties of the material. The thermoset's mechanical response can be potentially varied from plastic to elastic behavior, depending on the ratio of hard and soft monomers employed. The concentration of “chain-internal” and “chain-end” crosslink sites enhances strength; modification to the run length and structure of the soft phase enhances elasticity, generating samples having moduli of 6 MPa, tensile strengths of 0.6 MPa and elongations of 400%.