Poly(phenylnorbornene) from Ring-Opening Metathesis and Its Hydrogenated Derivatives

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Abstract

Novel polymers are synthesized from 5-phenyl-2-norbornene (PhNb) and its saturated side group analog, 5-cyclohexyl-2-norbornene, using ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). Polymers of both endo-rich and all-exo PhNb show glass transition temperatures (Tg) = 88 ± 1 °C, indicating a negligible effect of monomer stereoisomerism on segmental packing or the energy barriers to motion at the glass transition, despite the substantial size of the side group. Post-polymerization hydrogenation of the PhNb polymers using catalysts with different selectivities reveals that saturation of the backbone produces a 17 °C decrease in Tg (for both aromatic and cycloaliphatic side groups), whereas saturation of the side groups produces a 14 °C increase in Tg (for both saturated and unsaturated backbones).

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