Structure and Mechanical Properties of Nanocomposites Based on an Amorphous Copolyester

Authors

  • Imanol González,

    1. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros and Instituto de Materiales Poliméricos “Polymat”, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas UPV/EHU, P. O. Box 1072, 20080 San Sebastián, Spain
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  • José I. Eguiazábal,

    1. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros and Instituto de Materiales Poliméricos “Polymat”, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas UPV/EHU, P. O. Box 1072, 20080 San Sebastián, Spain
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  • Jon Nazábal

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros and Instituto de Materiales Poliméricos “Polymat”, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas UPV/EHU, P. O. Box 1072, 20080 San Sebastián, Spain
    • Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros and Instituto de Materiales Poliméricos “Polymat”, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas UPV/EHU, P. O. Box 1072, 20080 San Sebastián, Spain. Fax: +34 (943) 015270
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Abstract

Nanocomposites based on an amorphous copolyester (PCTG) were obtained by melt mixing, changing the screw speed and the nature of the surfactant, which differed in polarity and molecular volume. Using Young's modulus as a measure of the dispersion level, a less-polar nature and a higher molecular volume of the surfactant appeared as positive structural factors for dispersion of the clay in the less-polar PCTG. The Cloisite 20A, which led to the highest modulus (widest dispersion), was mixed at different contents with PCTG at the observed optimum screw speed (200 rpm). Intercalated structures were observed by WAXD and TEM. The dispersion was wide, as observed by TEM, and led to a large (77%) modulus increase after 7% organoclay addition and to important increases in both tensile yield stress and dimensional stability in creep.

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