Polyurethanes Based on Castor Oil: Kinetics, Chemical, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

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Abstract

Polyurethanes based on vegetable oil were synthesized with castor oil and toluene diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate or hexamethylene diisocyanate, using dibutyltin dilaurate as a catalyst. The effects of the nature of the diisocyanate on the evolution of the kinetics, as well as the physical and mechanical properties and the thermal stability, of the different synthesized polyurethanes were investigated, and these complement data from the literature on equivalent systems. The polymerization kinetics, degree of swelling and mechanical properties were greatly affected by the diisocyanate nature, whereas the rheological properties and thermal stability were found to be similar for all polyurethanes.

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