• mechanical properties;
  • microfibrils;
  • nanocomposites;
  • polymer/polymer composites;
  • single-polymer composites


Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

In situ PET microfibrils are created by drawing melt-blended PP and PET. The drawn blend is used to prepare polymer/polymer MFCs, and isolated PET microfibrils are used for the manufacturing of MF-SPCs. Samples are prepared with different fibril orientations to determine the effect of orientation on the mechanical properties of the two types of composites. The resulting composites show improvements in stiffness of 77% for uniaxial MFCs, and 125% for uniaxial MF-SPCs, with the highest recorded modulus of 8.57 GPa for a uniaxial MF-SPC sample. SEM observations confirm that the fibrillar structure and excellent alignment is maintained. The changes in the reinforcement effect with orientation are very similar to those predicted by the rule of mixtures for the crossply.