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Biological, Chemical, and Electronic Applications of Nanofibers

Authors

  • Luong T. H. Nguyen,

    Corresponding author
    1. NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering (NGS), National University of Singapore, 28 Medical Drive, Singapore 117456, Singapore
    • NUS Graduate School for Integrative Sciences and Engineering (NGS), National University of Singapore, 28 Medical Drive, Singapore 117456, Singapore
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    • Luong T. H. Nguyen, Shilin Chen, and Naveen Kumar Elumalai contributed equally to this work.

  • Shilin Chen,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117576, Singapore
    2. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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    • Luong T. H. Nguyen, Shilin Chen, and Naveen Kumar Elumalai contributed equally to this work.

  • Naveen K. Elumalai,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117576, Singapore
    2. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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    • Luong T. H. Nguyen, Shilin Chen, and Naveen Kumar Elumalai contributed equally to this work.

  • Molamma P. Prabhakaran,

    1. Faculty of Engineering, Center for Nanofibers and Nanotechnology, Nanoscience, and Nanotechnology Initiative, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576, Singapore
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  • Yun Zong,

    1. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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  • Chellappan Vijila,

    1. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev,

    1. Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya Street 35, Moscow 127276, Russia, and Institute of Basic Biological Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region 142290, Russia
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  • Seeram Ramakrishna

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117576, Singapore
    2. King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Abstract

With their high-surface-to-volume ratio, nanofibers have been postulated to increase interactions between nanofibrous materials and targeted substrates, which are helpful to overcome many obstacles and enhance the efficiency in a diverse number of applications. Over the past decade, many studies have been published on the fabrication of nanofibers and their applications in various fields. In this review, novel biological, chemical, and electrical characteristics of nanofibers as well as their recent status and achievements in medicine, chemistry, and electronics are analyzed. It is found that nanofibers can induce fast regeneration of many tissues/organs in medical applications and improve the efficiency of many chemical and electronics applications.

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