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Keywords:

  • Ag nanoparticles;
  • electrospinning;
  • N,N-dimethylformamide;
  • poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone);
  • poly(vinyl alcohol);
  • TEM;
  • UV-vis spectroscopy

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

TEM image of a PVA nanofiber electrospun with 5 wt.-% of the PVP containing Ag nanoparticles.

Summary: Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) was used in two methods to prepare polymer nanofibers containing Ag nanoparticles. The first method involved electrospinning the PVP nanofibers containing Ag nanoparticles directly from the PVP solutions containing the Ag nanoparticles. N,N-Dimethylformamide was used as a solvent for the PVP as well as a reducing agent for the Ag+ ions in the PVP solutions. In the second method, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) aqueous solutions were electrospun with 5 wt.-% of the PVP containing Ag nanoparticles. The Ag nanoparticles were evenly distributed in the PVA nanofibers. PVP containing Ag nanoparticles could be used to introduce Ag nanoparticles to other polymer nanofibers that are miscible with PVP.