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Keywords:

  • ESR/EPR;
  • host-guest systems;
  • polystyrene;
  • structure-property relations;
  • TGA

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Thermogravimetric measurement of a powder sample of the sPS/TEMPO complex.

Summary: The formation of a molecular-complex crystalline phase of syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS) that contains a stable nitroxide radical compound, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-N-oxyl (TEMPO), is confirmed by IR and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and thermogravimetric analysis. Through a guest exchange procedure assisted by a plasticizing agent, the original guest (chloroform) contained in the starting clathrate phase is completely replaced by TEMPO. Although the conformational regularity of the sPS helices in the resultant crystalline phase that contains TEMPO is similar to that in the starting clathrate phase, the host lattice expands in the 010 direction. The guest TEMPO molecules exhibit a significantly broadened ESR signal because of their highly concentrated state in the complex crystalline phase.