Biotin α-End-Functionalized Gradient Glycopolymers Synthesized by RAFT Copolymerization

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Abstract

Biotinylated gradient glycopolymers have been synthesized via RAFT copolymerization of an acrylamide derivative of galactose with N-acryloylmorpholine in the presence of a biotin CTA. The polymerization was controlled with a linear increase in molecular weights up to 80% conversion. Copolymer chains have a gradient microstructure with an increasing proportion of galactose units towards the ω chain end. The presence of the biotin ligand at the α end of the chains was confirmed by 1H NMR and MALDI-ToF MS. This strategy based on the use of a biotin-CTA instead of a post-polymerization labelling of the chains resulted in a high percentage of α-functionalized chains (92–95%). Such α-end-functionalized glycopolymer chains may interact with streptavidin-modified surfaces.

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