• copolymerisation;
  • films;
  • functionalization of polymers;
  • polystyrene (PS);
  • surfaces


Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Copolymers of 4-tert-butoxystyrene (tBS) and styrene (S) have been prepared by free radical copolymerization and the copolymer ratios of rtBS = 0.97 and rS = 1.12 have been determined by the Kelen-Tüdös method. After deprotection to 4-hydroxystyrene, alkynes were introduced by a Williamson ether synthesis with propargyl bromide and the copolymers were functionalized with pendant aliphatic or aromatic carboxylic acids by click chemistry. Differential scanning calorimetry of the copolymers demonstrates the large influence on Tg of the different functional groups and the backbone composition. In particular, aliphatic and aromatic pendant groups differ by 92 °C in Tg. Contact angle measurements on spin coated films have shown a maximum effect of the functional groups in the advancing contact angle at a 75/100 copolymer loading. In addition to this, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows the presence of acid groups on the surface.